Christopher L.-H. Huang

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1. Charge movements to small 10 mV steps superimposed upon a wide range of closely spaced depolarizing voltage-clamp pulses were studied in frog skeletal muscles under different pharmacological conditions in hypertonic solutions.2. In control fibres, capacitance was strongly voltage-dependent, especially between potentials of -60 and -20 mV, confirming(More)
The class II histone deacetylases, HDAC4 and HDAC5, directly bind to and repress myogenic transcription factors of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF-2) family thereby inhibiting skeletal myogenesis. During muscle differentiation, repression of gene transcription by MEF-2/HDAC complexes is relieved due to calcium/calmodulin-dependent (CaM) kinase-induced(More)
We report for the first time abnormalities in cardiac ventricular electrophysiology in a genetically modified murine model lacking the Scn3b gene (Scn3b(-/-)). Scn3b(-/-) mice were created by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that Scn3b mRNA was expressed in the ventricles of wild-type (WT) hearts but was(More)
Activation of skeletal muscle fibers requires rapid sarcolemmal action potential (AP) conduction to ensure uniform excitation along the fiber length, as well as successful tubular excitation to initiate excitation-contraction coupling. In our companion paper in this issue, Pedersen et al. (2011. J. Gen. Physiol. doi:10.1085/jgp.201010510) quantify, for(More)
1. The unusual kinetics of human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG) K(+) channels are consistent with a role in the suppression of arrhythmias initiated by premature beats. Action potential clamp protocols were used to investigate the effect of premature stimulation on HERG K(+) channels, transfected in Chinese hamster ovary cells, at 37 degrees C. 2. HERG(More)
1. Charge movements to 10 mV steps at different potentials were studied in voltage-clamped frog skeletal muscle fibres in isotonic solutions that minimized ionic currents, under different pharmacological conditions. The earliest onset of detectable mechanical movement ('threshold') was assessed visually under magnification. 2. Charge movements in isotonic(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) produces propagating waves of transient neuronal hyperexcitability followed by depression. CSD is initiated by K+ release following neuronal firing or electrical, mechanical or chemical stimuli. A triphasic (30-50 s) cortical potential transient accompanies localized transmembrane redistributions of K+, glutamate, Ca2+,(More)
This study has investigated the effects of the selection of the diffusion-weighted (DW) gradient directions on the precision of a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) experiment. The theoretical analysis provided a quantitative framework in which the noise performance of DTI schemes could be assessed objectively and for the development of novel DTI schemes, which(More)
BACKGROUND The SCN5A sodium channel is a major determinant for cardiac impulse propagation. We used epicardial mapping of the atria, ventricles, and septae to investigate conduction velocity (CV) in Scn5a heterozygous young and old mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice were divided into 4 groups: (1) young (3 to 4 months) wild-type littermates (WT); (2) young(More)
AIM To explore the physiological consequences of the ryanodine receptor (RyR2)-P2328S mutation associated with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). METHODS We generated heterozygotic (RyR2 p/s) and homozygotic (RyR2 s/s) transgenic mice and studied Ca2+ signals from regularly stimulated, Fluo-3-loaded, cardiac myocytes. Results(More)