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Thalamocortical projections were studied in adult cats using biotinylated dextran amines, wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to horseradish peroxidase, and autoradiography with tritiated leucine and/or proline. The input from 7 architectonically defined nuclei to 14 auditory cortical fields was characterized qualitatively and quantitatively. The principal(More)
The thalamus plays a critical role in processing sensory information that involves interactions between extrinsic connections and intrinsic circuitry. Little is known regarding how these different systems might interact. We found an unexpected nuclear convergence of two types of giant axon terminals, each of which must have independent origins, in the(More)
The class II histone deacetylases, HDAC4 and HDAC5, directly bind to and repress myogenic transcription factors of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF-2) family thereby inhibiting skeletal myogenesis. During muscle differentiation, repression of gene transcription by MEF-2/HDAC complexes is relieved due to calcium/calmodulin-dependent (CaM) kinase-induced(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels drive the initial depolarization phase of the cardiac action potential and therefore critically determine conduction of excitation through the heart. In patients, deletions or loss-of-function mutations of the cardiac sodium channel gene, SCN5A, have been associated with a wide range of arrhythmias including bradycardia (heart(More)
We report for the first time abnormalities in cardiac ventricular electrophysiology in a genetically modified murine model lacking the Scn3b gene (Scn3b(-/-)). Scn3b(-/-) mice were created by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that Scn3b mRNA was expressed in the ventricles of wild-type (WT) hearts but was(More)
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is associated with a loss of Na+ channel function and an increased incidence of rapid polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death. A programmed electrical stimulation (PES) technique assessed arrhythmic tendency in Langendorff-perfused wild-type (WT) and genetically modified (Scn5a+/-) 'loss-of-function' murine(More)
1. The unusual kinetics of human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG) K(+) channels are consistent with a role in the suppression of arrhythmias initiated by premature beats. Action potential clamp protocols were used to investigate the effect of premature stimulation on HERG K(+) channels, transfected in Chinese hamster ovary cells, at 37 degrees C. 2. HERG(More)
Activation of skeletal muscle fibers requires rapid sarcolemmal action potential (AP) conduction to ensure uniform excitation along the fiber length, as well as successful tubular excitation to initiate excitation-contraction coupling. In our companion paper in this issue, Pedersen et al. (2011. J. Gen. Physiol. doi:10.1085/jgp.201010510) quantify, for(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the cardiac Na(+) channel gene (SCN5A) can adversely affect electric function in the heart, but effects can be age dependent. We explored the interacting effects of Scn5a disruption and aging on the pathogenesis of sinus node dysfunction in a heterozygous Scn5a knockout (Scn5a(+/-)) mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS We compared(More)
This study has investigated the effects of the selection of the diffusion-weighted (DW) gradient directions on the precision of a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) experiment. The theoretical analysis provided a quantitative framework in which the noise performance of DTI schemes could be assessed objectively and for the development of novel DTI schemes, which(More)