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PURPOSE To examine the reliability and validity of the Borg and OMNI rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scales in adolescent girls during treadmill exercise. METHODS Adolescent girls (N = 57, age = 15.3+/-1.5 yr) were randomly assigned to use an RPE scale (Borg or OMNI) during one of three treadmill submaximal exercise conditions (walking, walking uphill,(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to determine the effect of physical education class enrollment and physical activity on academic achievement in middle school children. METHODS Participants were 214 sixth-grade students randomly assigned to physical education during either first or second semesters. Moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (number(More)
Ice hockey is a game that relies heavily on both aerobic and anaerobic energy production systems as players perform in various game situations. However, we found no studies evaluating the relationship between a player's physical condition and individual success in games throughout a competitive hockey season. The purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
This review highlights the clinical significance of coagulation and fibrinolytic responses, and adaptations in healthy individuals and patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Much of the review focuses on indicators of the potential for coagulation and fibrinolysis. The terms 'coagulation potential' and 'fibrinolytic potential' are used frequently, as(More)
Seven untrained male subjects [age 25.6 +/- 1.5 (SE) yr, peak O2 uptake (VO2) 3.20 +/- 0.19 l/min] trained on a cycle ergometer 4 days/wk for 6 wk, with the absolute training workload held constant for the duration of training. Before and at the end of each week of training, the subjects performed 20 min of constant-power exercise at a power designed to(More)
AIM The aim of the present study was to determine the association between health-related fitness (HRF) and academic achievement in middle school youth. METHODS Subjects were 312 middle school students. HRF was assessed using the FITNESSGRAM test battery. Students were grouped by the number of fitness tests in which they performed within the Healthy(More)
Sixteen young, healthy males each performed five to seven randomly assigned, exhaustive exercise bouts on a cycle ergometer, with each bout on a separate day and at a different power, to compare estimates of critical power (PC) and anaerobic work capacity (W') among five different models: t = W'/(Pmax-PC) (two-parameter nonlinear); t =(More)
Ten collegiate rowers performed discontinuous incremental exercise to their tolerable limit on two occasions: once on a rowing ergometer and once on a treadmill. Ventilation and pulmonary gas exchange were monitored continuously, and blood was sampled from a venous catheter located in the back of the hand or forearm for determination of blood lactate ([La])(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the effect of weight loss (WL) or aerobic exercise (AEX) on pulmonary function in middle-aged and older (46-80 years) obese, sedentary men to determine the effect of reductions in body weight and increases in cardiorespiratory fitness on pulmonary function. METHODS Subjects were randomly assigned to WL (n = 73), AEX (n = 71), or(More)
Reductions in fibrinolytic potential occur with both aging and physical inactivity and are associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. Plasmin, the enzyme responsible for the enzymatic degradation of fibrin clots, is activated by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), while plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) inhibits its activation.(More)