Christopher J Winters

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Cl- transport in the loop of Henle is responsible for reclamation of 25-40% of the filtered NaCl load and for the formation of dilute urine. Our understanding of the physiologic and molecular mechanisms responsible for Cl- reabsorption in both the thin ascending limb and thick ascending limb of Henle's loop has increased greatly over the last decade. Plasma(More)
The present experiments examined whether rbClC-Ka, a CIC family Cl-channel cDNA from rabbit outer medulla, encodes a basolateral membrane Cl- channel mediating net medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) Cl- absorption. MTAL cells contain a Cl- channel having certain properties that make it a plausible candidate for the basolateral Cl- channel in that(More)
The experiments reported herein compared Cl- channels fused into bilayers from rabbit outer medullary vesicles with Cl- channels in excised patches of basolateral membranes from cultured mouse medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) cells and evaluated whether the latter were plausible candidates for the Cl- channels mediating net NaCl absorption in(More)
Asthma is a disease of acute and chronic inflammation in which cytokines play a critical role in orchestrating the allergic inflammatory response. IL-13 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β promote fibrotic airway remodeling, a major contributor to disease severity. Improved understanding is needed, because current therapies are inadequate for suppressing(More)
This paper describes the kinetics of Cl- flux through mcClC-Ka Cl- channels from basolateral membranes of mouse CTAL cells. We have cloned two separate but highly homologous Cl- channels, mmClC-Ka from cultured mouse MTAL cells and mcClC-Ka from cultured mouse CTAL cells. The mmClC-Ka and mcClC-Ka channels appear to mediate net Cl- absorption in the MTAL(More)
Endometrial cancer, the most common gynecologic malignancy, is a hormonally-regulated tumor. Response to progestin-based therapy correlates positively with progesterone receptor (PR) expression. However, many endometrial tumors have low levels or loss of PR, limiting the clinical application of progestin. We evaluated the ability of epigenetic modulators to(More)
Cl- channels in the medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) studied by either patch-clamp technique or reconstitution into lipid bilayers are activated by increases in intracellular Cl- concentrations. rbClC-Ka, a ClC Cl- channel, may represent this channel. We therefore evaluated the role of rbClC-Ka in transcellular MTAL Cl- transport in two separate ways.(More)
UNLABELLED Progesterone, acting through its receptor, PR (progesterone receptor), is the natural inhibitor of uterine endometrial carcinogenesis by inducing differentiation. PR is downregulated in more advanced cases of endometrial cancer, thereby limiting the effectiveness of hormonal therapy. Our objective was to understand and reverse the mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or adenosine 3', 5'-cyclic phosphate (cAMP) analogues augment net NaCl absorption in microperfused mouse medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) segments but not in cortical thick ascending limb (CTAL) segments. This ADH-dependent MTAL effect is due to increased apical Na+/K+/2Cl- admittance and apical K+ recycling(More)