Christopher J. Watson

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Dysregulated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression has been implicated as a major contributor to the development of a number of common disease pathologies. The aim of this study was to establish the extent of genetic variability within the VEGF gene and to determine whether this genetic variation influenced levels of VEGF protein expression.(More)
The paraoxonase gene family contains at least three members: PON1, PON2, and PON3. The physiological roles of the corresponding gene products are still uncertain. Until recently, only the serum paraoxonase/arylesterase (PON1) had been purified and characterized. Here we report the purification, cloning, and characterization of rabbit serum PON3. PON3 is a(More)
It is well established that human serum paraoxonase (PON1) catalyzes the hydrolysis of organophosphate insecticides and nerve agents, as well as that of a number of aromatic carboxylic acid esters. Our laboratory has recently found a new class of PON1 substrates that includes at least 30 lactones and cyclic carbonate esters. The lactone substrates vary in(More)
Transcription of tissue-specific genes in mammary gland requires signals from both prolactin and basement membrane. Here we address the mechanism by which this specialized extracellular matrix regulates transcription. Using mammary cell cultures derived from transgenic mice harboring the ovine beta-lactoglobulin gene, we show that either a basement membrane(More)
Despite significant advances in the characterization of tight junction (TJ) proteins, little is known about how molecular changes relate to function due primarily to the limitations of conventional paracellular probes. To address this, the paracellular pathway in Caco-2 and T84 cell lines was profiled by measuring the permeabilities of 24 polyethylene(More)
Effective immunosuppression is an essential pre-requisite for successful organ transplantation and improvements in outcome after transplantation have to a large extent been dependent on developments in immunosuppressive therapy. Here we provide an overview of the different immunosuppressive agents currently used in solid organ transplantation. A historical(More)
We have performed a meta-analysis combining data for more than 11,000 individuals. It provides compelling evidence for a positive association between a functional single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 5'-UTR of GDF5 (+104T/C; rs143383) and osteoarthritis (OA) in European and Asian populations. This SNP has recently been reported to be associated with(More)
BACKGROUND A third of all kidneys from deceased donors in the UK are donated after cardiac death, but concerns have been raised about the long-term outcome of such transplants. We aimed to establish these outcomes for kidneys donated after controlled cardiac death versus brain death, and to identify the factors that affect graft survival and function. (More)
Insulin receptor signalling has a central role in mammalian biology, regulating cellular metabolism, growth, division, differentiation and survival. Insulin resistance contributes to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and the onset of Alzheimer's disease; aberrant signalling occurs in diverse cancers, exacerbated by cross-talk with the homologous(More)
Polypeptide and steroid hormones regulate the transcription of milk protein genes in the mammary gland. The promoter sequence motifs and factors through which these hormones mediate their effects in vivo are not clearly defined. Milk protein binding factor (MPBF) is a factor that has recognition sites in the promoters of many milk protein genes including(More)