Christopher J. Watchman

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In 1995, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) issued ICRP Publication 70 which provided an extensive update to the physiological and anatomical reference data for the skeleton of adults and children originally issued in ICRP Publication 23. Although ICRP Publication 70 has been a valuable document in the development of reference(More)
UNLABELLED Current bone marrow dosimetry methods inherently assume that the target cells of interest for the assessment of leukemia risk (stochastic effects) or marrow toxicity (deterministic effects) are uniformly localized throughout the marrow cavities of cancellous bone. Previous studies on mouse femur, however, have demonstrated a spatial gradient for(More)
To compare the dosimetry of tomotherapy and the conventional half-beam technique (HBT) or non-split beam technique (NSBT) for target coverage and radiation dose to the lacrimal glands and lens. A retrospective review of 7 patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy who had radiotherapy because of disease progression on high steroid dose is reported: 3 patients(More)
Ra-223, an α-particle emitting bone-seeking radionuclide, has recently been used in clinical trials for osseous metastases of prostate cancer. We investigated the relationship between absorbed fraction-based red marrow dosimetry and cell level-dosimetry using a model that accounts for the expected localization of this agent relative to marrow cavity(More)
We would like to compare the effectiveness of image-guided (IGRT) and intensity-modulated (IMRT) radiotherapy to spare the larynx in head and neck cancer patients. A retrospective review of 48 patients undergoing radiation for non-laryngeal and non-hypopharyngeal head and neck cancers. Mean laryngeal and hypopharyngeal dose was compared between 11 patients(More)
UNLABELLED Alpha-particles are of current interest in radionuclide therapy due to their short range and high rates of energy transfer to target tissues. Published values of alpha-particle absorbed fraction phi in the skeletal tissues, as needed for patient-specific dosimetry under the MIRD schema, do not generally account for its variation with particle(More)
This report evaluates the spatial profile of blood vessel fragments (BVFs) and CD34(+) and CD117(+) hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) in human cancellous bone. Bone specimens were sectioned, immunostained (anti-CD34 and anti-CD117), and digitally imaged. Immunoreactive cells and vessels were then optically and morphometrically identified and(More)
Hybrid phantoms represent a third generation of computational models of human anatomy needed for dose assessment in both external and internal radiation exposures. Recently, we presented the first whole-body hybrid phantom of the ICRP reference newborn with a skeleton constructed from both non-uniform rational B-spline and polygon-mesh surfaces (Lee et al(More)
Recent advances in physical models of skeletal dosimetry utilize high-resolution NMR microscopy images of trabecular bone. These images are coupled to radiation transport codes to assess energy deposition within active bone marrow irradiated by bone- or marrow-incorporated radionuclides. Recent studies have demonstrated that the rectangular shape of image(More)
The most recent methods for trabecular bone dosimetry are based on Monte Carlo transport simulations within three-dimensional (3D) images of real human bone samples. Nuclear magnetic resonance and micro-computed tomography have been commonly used as imaging tools for studying trabecular microstructure. In order to evaluate the accuracy of these techniques(More)