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Human S100A7 (psoriasin) is overexpressed in inflammatory diseases. The recently discovered, co-evolved hS100A15 is almost identical in sequence and up-regulated with hS100A7 during cutaneous inflammation. The functional role of these closely related proteins for inflammation remains undefined. By generating specific Abs, we demonstrate that hS100A7 and(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) and postoperative apnea (POA) can lead to complications after surgery or traumatic injury. Previously, real-time monitoring of respiratory insufficiency and identification of apneic events have been difficult. A noninvasive respiratory volume monitor (RVM) that reports minute ventilation (MV), tidal(More)
The calcium-binding proteins of the human S100A7/A15 (hS100A7/A15) subfamily are differentially expressed in normal and pathological epidermis. The hS100A7 (psoriasin) and S100A15 reside in a chromosomal cluster of highly similar paralogs. To exploit the power of mouse models for determining functions of gene products, the corresponding S100A7/A15 ortholog(More)
The transition from acute to chronic pain appears to occur in discrete pathophysiological and histopathological steps. Stimuli initiating a nociceptive response vary, but receptors and endogenous defence mechanisms in the periphery interact in a similar manner regardless of the insult. Chemical, mechanical, and thermal receptors, along with leucocytes and(More)
BACKGROUND Currently there is no technology that noninvasively measures the adequacy of ventilation in nonintubated patients. A novel, noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) has been developed to continuously measure and display minute ventilation (MV), tidal volume (TV), and respiratory rate (RR) in a variety of clinical settings. We demonstrate the(More)
Continuous respiratory assessment is especially important during post-operative care following extubation. Respiratory depression and subsequent adverse outcomes can arise due to opioid administration and/or residual anesthetics. A non-invasive respiratory volume monitor (RVM) has been developed that provides continuous, real-time, measurements of minute(More)
PURPOSE Paravertebral blocks have gained in popularity and offer the possible benefit of reduced adverse effects when compared with epidural analgesia. Nevertheless, pulmonary complications in the form of inadvertent pleural puncture are still a recognized risk. Also, the traditional paravertebral blocks are often technically difficult even with ultrasound(More)
Human S100A7 (psoriasin) is considered a marker for specific stages of breast cancer. hS100A15 is almost identical to hS100A7 and difficult to discriminate. We developed specific probes to distinguish hS100A7 and hS100A15, and demonstrate their differential distribution in normal breast tissue. Further, hS100A7 and S100A15 transcripts are elevated in ER/PR(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a potential independent risk factor for postoperative complications, adverse surgical outcomes, and longer hospital stays. Obese patients with OSA have increased post-operative complications. An estimated 25-30% of pre-operative patients are at a high risk for OSA. A novel, non-invasive respiratory volume monitor (RVM) has(More)