Christopher J Rhee

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The pressure reactivity index (PRx) identifies optimal cerebral perfusion pressure after traumatic brain injury. We describe a method to improve PRx precision by induced variations in arterial blood pressure (ABP) using positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) modulation (iPRx). Neonatal swine (n = 10) were ventilated with static PEEP and then with PEEP(More)
The frequency-response of pressure autoregulation is not well delineated; therefore, the optimal frequency of arterial blood pressure (ABP) modulation for measuring autoregulation is unknown. We hypothesized that cerebrovascular autoregulation is band-limited and delineated by a cutoff frequency for which ABP variations induce cerebrovascular reactivity.(More)
New noninvasive methods for monitoring cerebrovascular pressure reactivity coupled with a blood-based assay for brain-specific injury in preterm infants could allow early diagnosis of brain injury and set the stage for improved timing and effectiveness of interventions. Using an adaptation of near-infrared spectroscopy, we report a case of a very low birth(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects ~30% of hospitalized neonates. Critical to advancing our understanding of neonatal AKI is collaborative research among neonatologists and nephrologists. The Neonatal Kidney Collaborative (NKC) is an international, multidisciplinary group dedicated to investigating neonatal AKI. The AWAKEN study (Assessment of(More)
Hypotension and shock are risk factors for death, renal insufficiency, and stroke in preterm neonates. Goal-directed neonatal hemodynamic management lacks end-organ monitoring strategies to assess the adequacy of perfusion. Our aim is to develop a clinically viable, continuous metric of renovascular reactivity to gauge renal perfusion during shock. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the diastolic closing margin (DCM), defined as diastolic blood pressure minus critical closing pressure, is associated with the development of early severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). STUDY DESIGN A reanalysis of prospectively collected data was conducted. Premature infants (gestational age 23-31 weeks) receiving(More)
BACKGROUND The upper limit of cerebrovascular pressure autoregulation (ULA) is inadequately characterized. OBJECTIVE To delineate the ULA in an infant swine model. METHODS Neonatal piglets with sham surgery (n = 9), interventricular fluid infusion (INF) (n = 10), controlled cortical impact (CCI) (n = 10), or CCI + INF (n = 11) had intracranial pressure(More)
Premature infants are at risk of vascular neurological insults. Hypotension and hypertension are considered injurious, but neither condition is defined with consensus. Critical closing pressure (CrCP) is the arterial blood pressure (ABP) at which cerebral blood flow ceases. CrCP may serve to define subject-specific low or high ABP. Our objective was to(More)
Ice therapy has long been used as first line treatment of supraventricular tachycardia in neonates. We report a case of cold panniculitis developing in a 12-day-old neonate after ice therapy for cardiac arrhythmia. This is the first biopsy-proved case of cold panniculitis following ice therapy for supraventricular tachycardia in a newborn.