Christopher J. Reuter

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Proteasomes are energy-dependent proteases that are central to the quality control and regulated turnover of proteins in eukaryotic cells. Dissection of this proteolytic pathway in archaea, however, has been hampered by the lack of substrates that are easily detected in whole cells. In the present study, we developed a convenient reporter system by(More)
The halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii produces three different proteins (alpha1, alpha2, and beta) that assemble into at least two 20S proteasome isoforms. This work reports the cloning and sequencing of two H. volcanii proteasome-activating nucleotidase (PAN) genes (panA and panB). The deduced PAN proteins were 60% identical with Walker A and B motifs(More)
Proteasomes play key roles in a variety of eukaryotic cell functions, including translation, transcription, metabolism, DNA repair and cell-cycle control. The biological functions of these multicatalytic proteases in archaea, however, are poorly understood. In this study, Haloferax volcanii was used as a model to determine the influence the(More)
Proteasomes are composed of 20S core particles (CPs) of alpha- and beta-type subunits that associate with regulatory particle AAA ATPases such as the proteasome-activating nucleotidase (PAN) complexes of archaea. In this study, the roles and additional sites of post-translational modification of proteasomes were investigated using the archaeon Haloferax(More)
Numerous proteases have been shown to catalyze the precisely-timed and rapid turnover of key cellular proteins. Often these regulatory proteases are either energy-dependent or intramembrane-cleaving. In archaea, two different types of energy-dependent proteases have been characterized: 20S proteasomes associated with proteasome-activating nucleotidases and(More)
Proteolysis is important not only to cell physiology but also to the successful development of biocatalysts. While a wide-variety of signals are known to trigger protein degradation in bacteria and eukaryotes, these mechanisms are poorly understood in archaea, known for their ability to withstand harsh conditions. Here we present a systematic study in which(More)
The unusual physiological properties of archaea (e.g., growth in extreme salt concentration, temperature and pH) make them ideal platforms for metabolic engineering. Towards the ultimate goal of modifying an archaeon to produce bioethanol or other useful products, the pyruvate decarboxylase gene of Zymomonas mobilis (Zm pdc) was expressed in Haloferax(More)
Insight into the world of proteolysis has expanded considerably over the past decade. Energy-dependent proteases, such as the proteasome, are no longer viewed as nonspecific degradative enzymes associated solely with protein catabolism but are intimately involved in controlling biological processes that span life to death. The proteasome maintains this(More)
The development of whole systems approaches to microbiology (e.g. genomics and proteomics) has facilitated a global view of archaeal physiology. Surprisingly, as archaea respond to environmental signals, the majority of protein concentration changes that occur are not reflected at the mRNA level. This incongruity highlights the importance of(More)