Christopher J Ormandy

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Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in humans and will on average affect up to one in eight women in their lifetime in the United States and Europe. The Women's Health Initiative and the Million Women Study have shown that hormone replacement therapy is associated with an increased risk of incident and fatal breast cancer. In particular,(More)
Hormonal cues regulate mammary development, but the consequent transcriptional changes and cell fate decisions are largely undefined. We show that knockout of the prolactin-regulated Ets transcription factor Elf5 prevented formation of the secretory epithelium during pregnancy. Conversely, overexpression of Elf5 in an inducible transgenic model caused(More)
Mice carrying a germ-line null mutation of the prolactin receptor gene have been produced by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. Heterozygous females showed almost complete failure of lactation attributable to greatly reduced mammary gland development after their first, but not subsequent, pregnancies. Homozygous females were sterile owing to a complete(More)
The secretory activation stage of mammary gland development occurs after parturition and converts inactive lobuloalveoli to active milk secretion. This process is triggered by progestin withdrawal and depends upon augmented prolactin (Prl) signaling. Little is known about the Prl-induced transcriptional changes that occur in the mammary gland to drive this(More)
The proliferative phase of mammary alveolar morphogenesis is initiated during early pregnancy by rising levels of serum prolactin and progesterone, establishing a program of gene expression that is ultimately responsible for the development of the lobuloalveoli and the onset of lactation. To explore this largely unknown genetic program, we constructed(More)
Chromosome locus 11q13 is frequently amplified in a number of human cancers including carcinoma of the breast where up to 15% carry this chromosomal abnormality. Originally 11q13 amplification was thought to involve a single amplicon spanning many megabases, but more recent data have identified four core regions within 11q13 that can be amplified(More)
Mammary morphogenesis is orchestrated with other reproductive events by pituitary-driven changes to the systemic hormone environment, initiating the formation of a mammary ductal network during puberty and the addition of secretory alveoli during pregnancy. Prolactin is the major driver of development during pregnancy via regulation of ovarian progesterone(More)
Bone development is a multistep process that includes patterning of skeletal elements, commitment of hematopoietic and/or mesenchymental cells to chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages, and further differentiation into three specialized cell types: chondrocytes in cartilage and osteoblasts and osteoclasts in bone. Although PRL has a multitude of biological(More)
We have studied pup-directed maternal behavior in mice carrying a germ line null mutation of the PRL receptor (PRLR) gene. Homozygous mutant and heterozygous mutant nulliparous females show a deficiency in pup-induced maternal behavior. Moreover, primiparous heterozygous females exhibit a profound deficit in maternal care when challenged with foster pups.(More)
Massive tissue remodelling occurs within the mammary gland during pregnancy, resulting in the formation of lobuloalveoli that are capable of milk secretion. Endocrine signals generated predominantly by prolactin and progesterone operate the alveolar switch to initiate these developmental events. Here we review the current understanding of the components of(More)