Christopher J. Molloy

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HDM2 binds to an alpha-helical transactivation domain of p53, inhibiting its tumor suppressive functions. A miniaturized thermal denaturation assay was used to screen chemical libraries, resulting in the discovery of a novel series of benzodiazepinedione antagonists of the HDM2-p53 interaction. The X-ray crystal structure of improved antagonists bound to(More)
Vasoactive GTP-binding protein-coupled receptor agonists such as angiotensin II (AII), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and alpha-thrombin (alpha-Thr) have been reported to indirectly stimulate vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by regulating the expression of one or more autocrine growth factors. Using ion-exchange, gel-filtration, and reverse-phase(More)
In cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells, angiotensin II (AII) treatment led to increased tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins with apparent molecular masses of 42, 44, 75, and 120 kDa, respectively, as assessed by antiphosphotyrosine immunoblotting. Increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation was observed within 1 min of AII addition and was(More)
Activin A and Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-beta) are members of a common family of cytokines that bind to and stimulate serine/threonine kinase receptors. Activin A and TGF-beta are important during embryonic development exerting both positive and negative effects on cell growth. In the adult organism, they function in processes such as tissue(More)
The activity and stability of the p53 tumor suppressor are regulated by the human homologue of the mouse double minute 2 (Hdm2) oncoprotein. It has been hypothesized that small molecules disrupting the Hdm2:p53 complex would allow for the activation of p53 and result in growth suppression. We have identified small-molecule inhibitors of the Hdm2:p53(More)
There is increasing evidence that tumor-associated macrophages promote the malignancy of some cancers. Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is expressed by many tumors and is a growth factor for macrophages and mediates osteoclast differentiation. Herein, we report the efficacy of a novel orally active CSF-1 receptor (CSF-1R) kinase inhibitor, JNJ-28312141,(More)
A series of novel acylsulfonamide, acylsulfamide, and sulfonylurea bioisosteres of carboxylic acids were prepared as CXCR2 antagonists. Structure-activity relationships are reported for these series. One potent orally bioavailable inhibitor had excellent PK properties and was active in a lung injury model in hyperoxia-exposed newborn rats.
Pegylated thrombopoietin mimetic peptide (PEG-TPOm) is a novel, potent thrombopoietin receptor agonist with low immunotoxicity potential that protects against chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia in preclinical animal models. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic model of PEG-TPOm following single intravenous(More)
The binding sites and biochemical effects of angiotensin (A) II were investigated in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12W) cells. Sarcosine1, [125I]-tyrosine4, isoleucine8-AII ([125I]-SI-AII) bound to a saturable population of sites on membranes with an equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of 0.4 nM and a binding site maximum of 254 fmol/mg protein. Competitive(More)
Angiotensin II is a potent vasoconstrictor that has been also implicated in vascular hyperproliferative diseases, including atherosclerosis and restenosis following angioplasty. Treatment of cultured, serum-starved rat aortic smooth muscle cells with angiotensin II causes rapid protein tyrosine phosphorylation that precedes cell mitogenesis. We have(More)