Learn More
Formaldehyde is toxic for all organisms from bacteria to humans due to its reactivity with biological macromolecules. Organisms that grow aerobically on single-carbon compounds such as methanol and methane face a special challenge in this regard because formaldehyde is a central metabolic intermediate during methylotrophic growth. In the(More)
Complete genome sequences are now available for many bacterial species that lack sophisticated genetic tools. We describe the development of a broad-host-range cre-lox system that allows antibiotic marker recycling in a variety of gram-negative bacteria. This system consists of an allelic exchange vector bearing a kanamycin cassette flanked by loxP sites(More)
Methanogenesis and methane oxidation are the major biological processes affecting the global cycling of the powerful greenhouse gas methane. To carry out the two alternative bioconversions, Nature has cleverly recycled key reactions for the C1 transfers between the oxidation levels of formaldehyde and formate, and these involve analogous enzyme systems and(More)
Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 (LB400), a well studied, effective polychlorinated biphenyl-degrader, has one of the two largest known bacterial genomes and is the first nonpathogenic Burkholderia isolate sequenced. From an evolutionary perspective, we find significant differences in functional specialization between the three replicons of LB400, as well as a(More)
Epistasis has substantial impacts on evolution, in particular, the rate of adaptation. We generated combinations of beneficial mutations that arose in a lineage during rapid adaptation of a bacterium whose growth depended on a newly introduced metabolic pathway. The proportional selective benefit for three of the four loci consistently decreased when they(More)
The interspecies exchange of metabolites plays a key role in the spatiotemporal dynamics of microbial communities. This raises the question of whether ecosystem-level behavior of structured communities can be predicted using genome-scale metabolic models for multiple organisms. We developed a modeling framework that integrates dynamic flux balance analysis(More)
Full exploitation of the information available in bacterial genome sequences requires the availability of facile tools for rapid genetic manipulation. One bacterium for which new genetic tools are needed is the methylotroph Methylobacterium extorquens AM1. IncQ and small IncP vectors were shown to be unsuitable for use in this bacterium, but a spontaneous(More)
The facultative methylotroph Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 possesses two pterin-dependent pathways for C(1) transfer between formaldehyde and formate, the tetrahydrofolate (H(4)F)-linked pathway and the tetrahydromethanopterin (H(4)MPT)-linked pathway. Both pathways are required for growth on C(1) substrates; however, mutants defective for the H(4)MPT(More)
Burkholderia species are free-living bacteria with a versatile metabolic lifestyle. The genome of B. fungorum LB400 is predicted to encode three different pathways for formaldehyde oxidation: an NAD-linked, glutathione (GSH)-independent formaldehyde dehydrogenase; an NAD-linked, GSH-dependent formaldehyde oxidation system; and a(More)
Understanding the evolution of biological systems requires untangling the molecular mechanisms that connect genetic and environmental variations to their physiological consequences. Metal limitation across many environments, ranging from pathogens in the human body to phytoplankton in the oceans, imposes strong selection for improved metal acquisition(More)