Christopher J. Lyon

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Adipose tissue is a dynamic endocrine organ that secretes a number of factors that are increasingly recognized to contribute to systemic and vascular inflammation. Several of these factors, collectively referred to as adipokines, have now been shown regulate, directly or indirectly, a number of the processes that contribute to the development of(More)
Adipose-resident T cells (ARTs) regulate metabolic and inflammatory responses in obesity, but ART activation signals are poorly understood. Here, we describe class II major histocompatibility complex (MHCII) as an important component of high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Microarray analysis of primary adipocytes revealed that multiple genes involved in(More)
Concentrations of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) are elevated beginning at the stage of impaired glucose tolerance and continuing through the development of diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome. Evolving evidence of the central role of PAI-1 in mediating fibrosis and thrombosis increasingly supports the theory that it is a significant(More)
UNLABELLED Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common complication of obesity that can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a serious liver pathology that can advance to cirrhosis. The mechanisms responsible for NAFLD progression to NASH remain unclear. Lack of a suitable animal model that faithfully recapitulates the pathophysiology(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of hematopoietic deletion of nuclear factor- (erythroid-derived 2) like 2 factor (Nrf2) on the development of atherosclerosis and liver injury in an obese, hypercholesterolemic mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS Two-month-old male low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice were lethally irradiated and transplanted with(More)
Gene network information has been used to improve gene selection in microarray-based studies by selecting marker genes based both on their expression and the coordinate expression of genes within their gene network under a given condition. Here we propose a new network-embedded gene selection model. In this model, we first address the limitations of(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac fibrosis is an important component of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands repress proinflammatory gene expression, including that of osteopontin, a known contributor to the development of myocardial fibrosis. We thus investigated the hypothesis that PPARgamma ligands could attenuate(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans nuc-1 gene has previously been implicated in programmed cell death due to the presence of persistent undegraded apoptotic DNA in nuc-1 mutant animals. In this report, we describe the cloning and characterization of nuc-1, which encodes an acidic nuclease with significant sequence similarity to mammalian DNase II. Database searches(More)
There is increasing evidence of a parallel progression between insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction, suggesting a close association between insulin action and the endothelium. Numerous studies have demonstrated that endothelial dysfunction occurs early in the insulin-resistant state and is predictive of future cardiovascular events. Similarly,(More)
Excess food intake leads to obesity and diabetes, both of which are well-known independent risk factors for atherosclerosis, and both of which are growing epidemics in an aging population. We hypothesized that aging enhances the metabolic and vascular effects of high fat diet (HFD) and therefore examined the effect of age on atherosclerosis and insulin(More)