Christopher J. Layton

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BACKGROUND Experimental studies have yielded a wealth of information related to the mechanism of ganglion cell death following injury either to the myelinated ganglion cell axon or to the ganglion cell body. However, no suitable animal models exist where injury can be directed to the optic nerve head region, particularly the unmyelinated ganglion cell(More)
Infants stimulated with 8-s recordings of speech and voices reading numbers showed a discrimination between their own mothers' and alien voices. In general, the infants' heart rates rose more in response to their mothers' than to an alien voice. However, infants tested less than 24 h after birth responded with significant heart rate deceleration to the(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of diabetes on monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) expression in the rat retina. METHODS Diabetes was induced in Wistar rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (62.5 mg/kg). Rats were killed after 10 weeks, and the retinal levels of PKCalpha, bFGF, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), caspase-3, and(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the interrelated effects of glucose, nitric oxide (NO) and erythropoietin on neuronal survival in retinal cultures, thereby exploring the mechanism of neuronal death in the diabetic retina. Rat retinal cells were cultured in low (5 mM) or high (15 mM) glucose concentrations. After 9 days, cell viability was assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes inhibits dark adaptation and both processes alter the electroretinogram (ERG) in similar ways. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between oscillatory potentials (OPs) and the b-wave during dark adaptation and to determine if this relationship changes during the development of diabetes. METHODS Twenty-one rats were(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of excess glucose on retinal cellular health remains controversial, and cellular reducing equivalents, as indicators of cellular energy production, are widely used as substitute indicators of retinal cellular health. These investigations hypothesised that excess energy substrate availability, as occurs in the diabetic retina, increases(More)
Optic disc pit and optic nerve coloboma are examples of congenital optic disc abnormalities. Although optic nerve coloboma can be inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, no conclusive link has been found in the case of optic disc pit as an autosomal dominant disease. We describe two cases: a daughter with an optic disc pit complicated by maculopathy and(More)
Purpose. To determine factors associated with the presence of significant ocular injury in subjects with orbital fractures. Subjects. A consecutive prospective cohort of 161 patients presenting to a general tertiary referral hospital with orbital fractures and undergoing initial conservative treatment was identified. Subjects were assessed at time of injury(More)
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