Christopher J. Justinich

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BACKGROUND Oesophagitis is characterised by basal cell hyperplasia and activated eosinophils, which release mediators including major basic protein (MBP). MBP and its mimetic polyarginine activate the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) on oesophageal epithelium. Fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) is implicated in epithelial homeostasis and proliferative(More)
'Inflammatory bowel disease' (IBD) sounds like a straightforward term - a disease of inflammation in the bowel. However, the history of IBD reveals a story of a nefariously complex set of idiopathic conditions. IBD defies definition, in part because its pathophysiology is not completely understood. For the same reason and despite substantial advances in(More)
We sought to prospectively characterize and compare the symptoms of children > or = 5 years of age with recurrent abdominal pain to previously established criteria for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adults. For all eligible subjects, a detailed questionnaire concerning characteristics of abdominal pain and defecatory pattern was completed at(More)
BACKGROUND Dyspepsia is poorly characterized in the pediatric population. The goal of the current study was to describe the clinical constellation and natural history of dyspepsia in children and adolescents seen in a pediatric gastroenterology practice. METHODS A standardized questionnaire was administered by a pediatric gastroenterologist to all(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical presentation, histopathologic features, and outcome of biopsy-proven allergic gastroenteropathy (AGE) in preterm infants. We hypothesized that AGE is a more frequent cause of gastrointestinal disease in this population than previously suspected. STUDY DESIGN The retrospective portion of the study, from 1992 to 1997,(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), accelerated bone loss and osteopenia have been found. Potential etiologies of these bone abnormalities have included malnutrition, poor calcium intake or absorption, and the use of corticosteroids. Recent studies have suggested that circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are produced in(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine if sacrosidase, a liquid produced from Saccharomyces cerevisiae containing 6000 IU of sucrase activity per mg protein, prevented symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal cramps, gas, and bloating in patients with congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID) consuming a normal sucrose and(More)
Gastrointestinal reflux disease and eosinophilic esophagitis are characterized by basal cell hyperplasia. The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), a G protein-coupled receptor, which may be activated by divalent agonists, is expressed throughout the gastrointestinal system. The CaSR may regulate proliferation or differentiation, depending on cell(More)
Professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) play a crucial role in initiating immune responses. Under pathological conditions, epithelial cells at mucosal surfaces act as nonprofessional APCs, thereby regulating immune responses at the site of exposure. Epithelial cells in the esophagus may contribute to the pathogenesis of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)(More)
BACKGROUND Esophagitis in infants and children is often characterized by eosinophilic inflammation. The underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to this type of inflammation, and the role of eosinophils in the clinical expression of esophagitis, are unknown. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the ultrastructural activation state of(More)