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During 'emergency' situations such as infections, host defense requires rapid mobilization of bone marrow granulocyte progenitors. 'Steady-state' granulopoiesis is absolutely dependent on the C/EBPalpha transcription factor, but the transcriptional mechanisms underlying emergency granulopoiesis remain unclear. Here we show that large numbers of granulocytes(More)
Gene expression profiling of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) allows the discovery of previously unrecognized molecular entities. Here, we identified a specific subgroup of AML, defined by an expression profile resembling that of AMLs with mutations in the myeloid transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha), while lacking such(More)
CD14 is a membrane glycoprotein expressed specifically on monocytes and macrophages, and its expression is markedly increased during the process of monocyte differentiation. In order to study CD14 gene regulation, the human CD14 gene was cloned from a partial EcoRI digested chromosome 5 library. A 5.5-kilobase genomic clone contained the full-length CD14(More)
As reported previously, AML1-ETO knock-in mice were generated to investigate the role of AML1-ETO in leukemogenesis and to mimic the progression of t(8;21) leukemia. These knock-in mice died in midgestation because of hemorrhaging in the central nervous system and a block of definitive hematopoiesis during embryogenesis. Therefore, they are not a good model(More)
AML1 is involved in the (8;21) translocation, associated with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)-type M2, which results in the production of the AML1-ETO fusion protein: the amino-terminal 177 amino acids of AML1 and the carboxyl-terminal 575 amino acids of ETO. The mechanism by which AML1-ETO accomplishes leukemic transformation is unknown; however, AML1-ETO(More)
Transcription factors play a key role in the development and differentiation of specific lineages from multipotential progenitors. Identification of these regulators and determining the mechanism of how they activate their target genes are important for understanding normal development of monocytes and macrophages and the pathogenesis of a common form of(More)
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a major haematopoietic malignancy characterized by the proliferation of a malignant clone of myeloid progenitor cells. A reciprocal translocation, t(8;21)(q22;q22), observed in the leukaemic cells of approximately 40% of patients with the M2 subtype of AML disrupts both the AML1 (CBFA2) gene on chromosome 21 and the ETO(More)
Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase domain determine responsiveness to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The modulation of transcriptional pathways by mutant EGFR signaling is not fully understood. Previously, we and others identified a single base(More)
Transcription factors are master regulatory switches of differentiation, including the development of specific hematopoietic lineages from stem cells. Here we show that mice with targeted disruption of the CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha gene (C/EBP alpha) demonstrate a selective block in differentiation of neutrophils. Mature neutrophils and(More)
The t(8;21) is one of the most frequent chromosomal abnormalities associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The translocation, which involves the AML1 gene on chromosome 21 and the ETO gene on chromosome 8, generates an AML1-ETO fusion transcription factor. To examine the effect of the AML1-ETO fusion protein on leukemogenesis, we made transgenic mice(More)