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OBJECTIVES A COL5A1 gene variant was shown to be associated with chronic Achilles tendinopathy in a South African population. The aim of this case-control genetic association study was to investigate the BstUI and DpnII restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) in a second population from Australia and to identify a predisposing haplotype for(More)
Three mammalian ADAMTS enzymes, ADAMTS-1, -4 and -5, are known to cleave aggrecan at certain glutamyl bonds and are considered to be largely responsible for cartilage aggrecan catabolism observed during the development of arthritis. We have previously reported that certain catechins, polyphenolic compounds found in highest concentration in green tea(More)
OBJECTIVES Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a multifactorial condition for which genetic risk factors have been identified. A pathway-based approach was used to investigate genes within the inflammatory pathway. METHODS Functional polymorphisms within IL-1β (-31T→C and -511C→T), IL-1RN (variable number tandem repeat) and IL-6 (-172G→C) were investigated for(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the proteoglycans and catabolic products of proteoglycans present in the tensile region of ligament and explant cultures of this tissue, and to compare these with those observed in the tensile region of tendon. Approx. 90% of the total proteoglycans in fresh ligament was decorin, as estimated by N-terminal(More)
The myeloperoxidase-derived oxidant, hypochlorite (OCl-) was shown to be able to degrade proteoglycan aggregate prepared from bovine articular cartilage. Exposure of proteoglycan aggregate to OCl- concentrations less than 10(-4) M resulted in a decrease in the size of the constituent proteoglycan monomers, which were unable to reaggregate with hyaluronate(More)
Tendons are collagenous tissues made of mainly Type I collagen and it has been shown that the major proteoglycans of tendons are decorin and versican. Little is still known about the catabolism of these proteoglycans in tendon. Therefore, the aim of the study was to characterise the proteoglycans including their catabolic products present in uncultured(More)
OBJECTIVES Achilles tendon pathology (ATP) is a multifactorial condition for which genetic risk factors have been identified. The ADAMTS, ADAM12 and TIMP2 genes encode enzymes that are important regulators of tendon homeostasis. ADAMTS2 and ADAMTS14 proteins are procollagen N-propeptidases for pro-collagen type I, type II, and type III. ADAMTS2, like(More)
Treponema pallidum was investigated for its ability to synthesise glycosaminoglycans or proteoglycans in vitro. Isolated viable T pallidum organisms were incubated with radiolabelled precursors of glycosaminoglycans, sodium 35S-sulphate and 3H-glucosamine (tritiated glucosamine). T pallidum failed to incorporate sodium 35S-sulphate but did incorporate(More)
Organ cultures of syphilitic and normal rabbit testes were incubated with 35S-sulfate for labeling of proteoglycans. Syphilitic rabbit testes synthesized three macromolecular fractions (I, II, and III) which were not detected in extracts of normal uninfected tissue. The three fractions comprised a larger (approximately 10(6) mol wt) chondroitin(More)
Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a degenerative condition for which several risk factors have been implicated including components of the inflammatory pathway. The aim was to assess functional variants within genes encoding components of the apoptosis signaling cascade and the effectiveness of a polygenic apoptosis profile to capture tendinopathy (TEN) risk. A(More)