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Oral lipid-based drug delivery systems may include a broad range of oils, surfactants, and cosolvents. This diversity makes comparison of lipid-based formulations difficult. Although the relationship between formulation and drug absorption is understood at a conceptual level, performance in vivo cannot be predicted with confidence at present. The Lipid(More)
Highly potent, but poorly water-soluble, drug candidates are common outcomes of contemporary drug discovery programmes and present a number of challenges to drug development - most notably, the issue of reduced systemic exposure after oral administration. However, it is increasingly apparent that formulations containing natural and/or synthetic lipids(More)
Subcutaneous (s.c.) administration continues to be the main route for the delivery of protein drugs due to their poor bioavailability by most non-parenteral routes. While small drug molecules are rapidly and extensively absorbed after s.c. injection, the systemic bioavailability of protein drugs is often incomplete and variable. Given the widespread use of(More)
Postprandial administration of halofantrine (Hf), an important antimalarial, leads to 3- and 12-fold increases in oral bioavailability in humans and beagles, respectively, and corresponding 2.4-fold and 6.8-fold decreases in metabolic conversion to desbutylhalofantrine (Hfm). Factors contributing to the decreased postprandial metabolism of Hf could include(More)
Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is a small protein that binds long-chain dietary fatty acids in the cytosol of the columnar absorptive epithelial cells (enterocytes) of the intestine. The binding cavity of I-FABP is much larger than is necessary to bind a fatty acid molecule, which suggests that the protein may be able to bind other(More)
The trend towards identification of poorly water-soluble and highly lipophilic candidate drug molecules has led to an increase in interest in intestinal lymphatic drug transport. In this article we provide a brief background to the mechanism of access of drugs to the intestinal lymph and the role of lipid digestion and absorption in the stimulation of(More)
After oral administration, the majority of drug molecules are absorbed across the small intestine and enter the systemic circulation via the portal vein and the liver. For some highly lipophilic drugs (typically log P>5, lipid solubility>50 mg/g), however, association with lymph lipoproteins in the enterocyte leads to transport to the systemic circulation(More)
Halofantrine hydrochloride (Hf.HCl) is a highly lipophilic phenanthrenemethanol antimalarial. The poor and erratic absorption of Hf after oral administration has been implicated in some treatment failures. Food increases the oral bioavailability of Hf in humans approximately 3-5-fold, although neither the absolute bioavailability nor the basis for the food(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the potential role of intestinal lymphatic transport in the absorption and oral bioavailability of members of an emerging class of anti-atherosclerosis drugs (CETP inhibitors). CP524,515 and CP532,623 are structurally related with eLogD(7.4) >5; however, only CP524,515 (and not CP532,623) had sufficient solubility (>50 mg/g) in(More)
Halofantrine hydrochloride is an important, highly lipophilic anti-malarial agent. A triple-cannulated anesthetized rat model was used to investigate the potential lymphatic transport of halofantrine (Hf). The effect of formulating Hf in vehicles representative of different physical (digestion) states of triglyceride lipid was also evaluated. The lipid(More)