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CONTEXT Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental chemicals. Fetal exposure to certain phthalates [e.g. di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP)] causes masculinization disorders in rats, raising concern for similar effects in humans. We investigated whether DBP exposure impairs steroidogenesis by the human fetal testis. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine(More)
The aims of this study were: (i) to investigate the cellular immunoexpression of androgen receptor and oestrogen receptor beta in the testes of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) during neonatal life compared with their expression at later ages; (ii) to establish whether neonatal marmoset Sertoli cells are targets for androgens or oestrogens or both;(More)
We have attempted to investigate the role of imprinting in the phenotype of Turner's syndrome. Sixty-three patients were investigated for parental origin of the retained normal X chromosome; 43 were found to retain the maternal X (XM) and 20 the paternal (XP). The relationship between a child's pretreatment height centile and parental height centiles was(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of total body irradiation (14.4 Gray) in childhood and adolescence on ovarian and uterine characteristics, and to investigate the response to physiological sex steroid serum concentrations. DESIGN All long term post-pubertal female survivors of total body irradiation who had been treated in paediatric centres in Scotland were(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine whether a generalizable best-practice individualized behavioral intervention reduced BMI z score relative to standard dietetic care among overweight children. METHODS The design consisted of an assessor-blinded, randomized, controlled trial involving 134 overweight children (59 boys, 75 girls; BMI >(More)
Current hormone replacement therapy may not optimize cardiovascular health in women with premature ovarian failure. We compared the effects of physiological and standard sex steroid replacement regimens on cardiovascular health in these women. In an open-label, randomized, controlled crossover trial, 34 women with premature ovarian failure were randomly(More)
The recent epidemic of childhood obesity(1) has raised concern because of the possible clinical and public health consequences.(2,)(3) However, there remains a widespread perception among health professionals that childhood obesity is a largely cosmetic problem, with minor clinical effects. No systematic review has yet focused on the diverse array of(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone (GH) has been used to promote growth in both the short and long term in a number of dysmorphic syndromes, including Turner syndrome. As this condition shares many clinical features with Noonan syndrome, it would seem logical to treat the latter group with GH. AIMS To assess the short and long term response to GH therapy in(More)
Growth data from the first 3 yr of a multicenter study examining the efficacy and safety of recombinant human GH [rhGH; 4 IU (1.3 mg)/m(2).day, sc] in children with Noonan's syndrome (NS) are reported for 23 subjects. Sixteen male and seven female patients (age, 9.3 +/- 2.6 yr at onset of GH therapy, mean +/- SD; range, 4.8-13.7) were each assessed at 1, 2,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the symptoms of hypoglycemia in children with insulin-dependent diabetes, from the perspective both of the child and of the child's parents, and to compare the symptom reporting of the diabetic children with that of adult diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Interviews were conducted with 100 parents and 43 of their(More)