Christopher J Fielding

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Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is the pathway by which peripheral cell cholesterol can be returned to the liver for catabolism. Evidence of specific functions for molecular structures within individual plasma lipoprotein species has rapidly accumulated from recent studies using molecular and cellular physiology techniques. The removal of cholesterol(More)
HIV buds from lipid rafts and requires cholesterol for its egress from and entry into cells. Viral accessory protein Nef plays a major role in this process. In this study, it not only increased the biosynthesis of lipid rafts and viral particles with newly synthesized cholesterol, but also enriched them. Furthermore, via the consensus cholesterol(More)
Caveolae form the terminus for a major pathway of intracellular free cholesterol (FC) transport. Caveolin mRNA levels in confluent human skin fibroblasts were up-regulated following increased uptake of low density lipoprotein (LDL) FC. The increase induced by FC was not associated with detectable change in mRNA stability, indicating that caveolin mRNA(More)
Normal human skin fibroblasts maintained in serum-containing medium were synchronized with aphidicolin. After removal of inhibitor, free cholesterol (FC) homeostasis was determined at intervals during the following cell cycle. FC mass per cell doubled following S-phase, and reached its maximum well before mitosis. This increase was mainly the result of(More)
A quantitative solid phase immunoassay has been developed for the determination of the mass of electrophoretically separated prebeta apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) in human plasma. Conditions have been identified for the quantitative transfer and immunoblotting of the apolipoprotein in the absence of organic solvents or detergents. In normolipidemic plasma,(More)
Cholesterol net transport, esterification, and cholesteryl ester transfer have been determined in plasma during fasting, and postprandially, after a high fat-cholesterol meal. Significant rises in plasma triglyceride, phospholipid, and free cholesterol were associated with increases in cholesterol net transport, esterification, and transfer (all P less than(More)
The amino acid sequence of human apolipoprotein D, a component of high density lipoprotein, has been obtained from the cloned cDNA sequence. The 169-amino acid protein has no marked similarity to other apolipoprotein sequences, but has a high degree of homology to plasma retinol-binding protein and other members of the alpha 2u-globulin protein superfamily.(More)
Human (Hu) lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a key enzyme in the plasma metabolism of cholesterol. To assess the effects of increased plasma levels of LCAT, four lines of transgenic mice were created expressing a Hu LCAT gene driven by either its natural or the mouse albumin enhancer promoter. Plasma LCAT activity increased from 1.2- to(More)