Christopher J. Fell

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The beta TC3 tumor cell line was examined for the presence of functional glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptors. Increasing amounts of natural porcine GIP decreased the binding of HPLC-purified [125I]GIP to beta TC3 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Displacement of GIP was significant at concentrations as low as 500 pM, and(More)
Organic solar cells have the potential to become a low-cost sustainable energy source. Understanding the photoconversion mechanism is key to the design of efficient organic solar cells. In this review, we discuss the processes involved in the photo-electron conversion mechanism, which may be subdivided into exciton harvesting, exciton transport, exciton(More)
Energy transfer has been identified as an important process in ternary organic solar cells. Here, we develop kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) models to assess the impact of energy transfer in ternary and binary bulk heterojunction systems. We used fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy to determine the energy disorder and Förster radii for(More)
Many degradation mechanisms in organic solar cells are underpinned by the ingress of water at certain points. We demonstrate the use of a photocurrent mapping technique to examine the diffusive ingress of water at the edges of a cell and at pinholes in the cathode layer. A diffusion model applied to the experimental results leads to a value of (5.0 ± 2.7) ×(More)
The photochemistry of poly{p-phenylene[1-(tetrahydrothiophen-1-io)ethylene chloride]} (PPTEC), a water soluble precursor of the semiconducting polymer, poly{p-phenylenevinylene} (PPV), has been studied both under atmospheric conditions and in environments devoid of oxygen. UV-visible spectroscopy and photoluminescence data has been used to provide a picture(More)
Discovering the causal structure behind abodyof statistical data is adifficult task. One of themain classes of algorithmsused to learn causal structures, knownas constraint-based algorithms, currently is only able to find partial data about a causalmodel. Some arcs are left partially or completely undirected, and very little information is determined about(More)
A hollow fibre reactor (HFR) has been used to immobilize a regulatory mutant ofE. coli to produce phenylalanine. Fermentation performance in the HFR using both air and pure oxygen shows evidence of significant oxygen limitation. In particular, levels of volatile fatty acids (VFA) produced served as an indication of oxygen limitation.
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