Christopher J. Drake

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Organ printing can be defined as layer-by-layer additive robotic biofabrication of three-dimensional functional living macrotissues and organ constructs using tissue spheroids as building blocks. The microtissues and tissue spheroids are living materials with certain measurable, evolving and potentially controllable composition, material and biological(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent and specific endothelial mitogen that is able to induce angiogenesis in vivo [Leung, D. W., Cachianes, G., Kuang, W.-J., Goeddel, D. V. & Ferrara, N. (1989) Science 246 1306-1309]. To determine if VEGF also influences the behavior of primordial endothelial cells, we used an in vivo vascular assay based(More)
Experimental data in this study demonstrate that integrin alpha v beta 3 is fundamentally involved in the maturation of blood vessels during embryonic neovascularization (vasculogenesis). Integrin alpha v beta 3 was specifically expressed on the surface of angioblasts during vessel development in quail embryos and vitronectin, a ligand for alpha v beta 3,(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM)-derived cells differentiate into a wide variety of cell types. BM contains a heterogeneous population of stem and progenitor cells including hematopoietic stem cells, marrow stromal cells, and perhaps other progenitor cells. To establish unequivocally the transdifferentiation capability of a hematopoietic cell to a(More)
The monoclonal antibody JB3 was previously shown to react with a protein antigen present in the bilateral primitive heart-forming regions and septation-stage embryonic hearts; in addition, primary axial structures at primitive streak stages are JB3-immunopositive (Wunsch et al. [1994] Dev. Biol. 165:585-601). The JB3 antigen has an overlapping distribution(More)
In this study we establish that TAL1/SCL, a member of the helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors, and an important regulator of the hematopoietic lineage in mice, is expressed in the endothelial lineage of avians. The earliest events of vascular development were examined using antibodies to TAL1/SCL, and the QH1 antibody, an established marker of(More)
Morphometric methods were developed to characterize the geometry of vascular patterns in avian and murine embryos. By using these methods, we found that networks of blood vessels formed during vasculogenesis share similar geometric properties (i.e., mean blood vessel diameters and avascular space diameters) regardless of developmental stage, location, or(More)
Receptors that endocytose high-density lipoproteins (HDL) have been elusive. Here yolk-sac endoderm-like cells were used to identify an endocytic receptor for HDL. The receptor was isolated by HDL affinity chromatography and identified as cubilin, the recently described endocytic receptor for intrinsic factor-vitamin B(12). Cubilin antibodies inhibit HDL(More)
Tissue fibroblasts/myofibroblasts play a key role in growth factor secretion, matrix deposition, and matrix degradation, and therefore are important in many pathologic processes. Regarding the origin of tissue fibroblasts/myofibroblasts, a number of recent in vivo transplantation studies have suggested the bone marrow as the source of(More)