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Sleep loss adversely affects certain types of cognitive processing, particularly associative memory. Given that long-term potentiation (LTP) represents a putative cellular basis of learning and memory consolidation, the influence of sleep deprivation on LTP was examined. Rats were REM sleep deprived for 24, 48, or 72 h using the inverted flowerpot method in(More)
Rats learning the Morris water maze exhibit hippocampal changes in synaptic morphology and physiology that manifest as altered synaptic efficacy. Learning requires structural changes in the synapse, and multiple cell adhesion molecules appear to participate. The activity of these cell adhesion molecules is, in large part, dependent on their interaction with(More)
It is increasingly evident that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of zinc containing extracellular endopeptidases, participate in processes supporting hippocampal synaptic plasticity. The purpose of this study was to further the understanding of MMPs involvement in hippocampal plasticity. Acute hippocampal slices, generated from 20- to 30-day-old(More)
In recent years the role of the area postrema in the emetic reflex has been predominant and the involvement of the abdominal visceral innervation has tended to be overlooked. This paper attempts to redress the balance reflex by reviewing aspects of the existing literature and complementing this with original studies from the ferret. In view of the(More)
The angiotensin 4 receptor (AT4) subtype is heavily distributed in the dentate gyrus and CA1-CA3 subfields of the hippocampus. Neuronal pathways connecting these subfields are believed to be activated during learning and memory processing. ur laboratory previously demonstrated that application of the AT4 agonist, Norleucine1-angiotensin IV, enhanced(More)
The view of the organization as a system that 'processes' information or 'solves' problems is at odds with the dynamics of change associated with the development and use of IS in an organization. A significant consequence of this mismatch is in training that does not meet the needs of either the user or management communities, giving rise to sub optimal(More)
Local cerebral glucose utilization was measured in parallel groups of conscious rats following intravenous injection of either 1 mg/kg 8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino)tetralin (a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A binding site agonist), 3 mg/kg 5-methoxy 3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-4-pyridinyl)1H indole, succinate (a 5-hydroxytryptamine1B agonist), or saline alone, using the(More)
Symptoms commonly associated with sleep loss and chronic inflammation include sleepiness, fatigue, poor cognition, enhanced sensitivity to pain and kindling stimuli, excess sleep and increases in circulating levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) in humans and brain levels of interleukin-1 β (IL1) and TNF in animals. Cytokines including IL1 and TNF partake(More)