Christopher J. Danpure

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Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is an atypical peroxisomal disorder, as befits a deficiency of alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT), which is itself an atypical peroxisomal enzyme. PH1 is characterized by excessive synthesis and excretion of the metabolic end-product oxalate and the progressive accumulation of insoluble calcium oxalate in the kidney(More)
Alanine/glyoxylate aminotransferase 1 (AGT) is peroxisomal in most normal humans, but in some patients with the hereditary disease primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1), AGT is mislocalized to the mitochondria. In an attempt to identify the sequences in AGT that mediate its targeting to peroxisomes, and to determine the mechanism by which AGT is mistargeted in(More)
We have previously shown that in some patients with primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1), disease is associated with mistargeting of the normally peroxisomal enzyme alanine/glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) to mitochondria (Danpure, C.J., P.J. Cooper, P.J. Wise, and P.R. Jennings. J. Cell Biol. 108:1345-1352). We have synthesized, amplified, cloned, and(More)
Most patients with the autosomal recessive disease primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) have a complete deficiency of alanine/glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) enzyme activity and immunoreactive protein. However a few possess significant residual activity and protein. In normal human liver, AGT is entirely peroxisomal, whereas it is entirely mitochondrial in(More)
Peroxisome-to-mitochondrion mistargeting of the homodimeric enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase 1 (AGT) in the autosomal recessive disease primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is associated with the combined presence of a normally occurring Pro(11)Leu polymorphism and a PH1-specific Gly170Arg mutation. The former leads to the formation of a novel(More)
The intermediary metabolic enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) is targeted to different organelles (mitochondria and/or peroxisomes) in different species. Possibly under the influence of dietary selection pressure, the subcellular distribution of AGT has changed on at least eight occasions during the evolution of mammals. AGT targeting is(More)
A deficiency of activity of the peroxisomal enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT,EC 2.6.1.44)has been found in the livers of six patients with primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH), including three in whom the tissue was obtained by percutaneous needle biopsy. AGT activity, assayed in unfractionated liver tissue, ranged from 11 to 47% of the mean(More)
A patient with primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (hepatic peroxisomal alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase [EC 2.6.1.44] deficiency) was successfully treated by combined hepatic and renal transplantation. The metabolic lesion was corrected by replacement of the deficient hepatic enzyme activity.
Using the sequence comparison programs TFASTA / FASTA (Pearson and Lip-man 1988) to search the GenBank/EMBL DNA data bases, we have discovered that there is considerable amino acid sequence identity between mammalian alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase 1 (AGT; E.C.2.6.1.44) and the 42-kD tritium-exchange subunit of cyanobacterial soluble hydrogenase 36(More)