Christopher J. Barnes

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The pivotal role of kinases in signal transduction and cellular regulation has lent them considerable appeal as pharmacological targets across a broad spectrum of cancers. p21-activated kinases (Paks) are serine/threonine kinases that function as downstream nodes for various oncogenic signalling pathways. Paks are well-known regulators of cytoskeletal(More)
Here, we investigated the role of P21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1) signaling in the function of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) as assessed by serine 305 (S305) activation and transactivation activity of ER. We found that Pak1 overexpression interfered with the antiestrogenic action of tamoxifen upon the ER transactivation function in hormone-sensitive(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that 17beta-estradiol (E2) rapidly induces the interaction of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) with the adapter protein Shc, the translocation of ERalpha to the cell membrane, and the formation of dynamic membrane structures in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. The present study examined how E2 causes ERalpha to translocate to(More)
The C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP) is a ubiquitous corepressor linking the recruitment of DNA- and histone-modifying proteins to sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins and facilitating gene regulation during development and oncogenesis. We describe here the binding, phosphorylation and functional regulation of CtBP by the p21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1).(More)
p21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1) induces cytoskeleton reorganization in part by regulating microtubule dynamics through an elusive mechanism. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified tubulin cofactor B (TCoB) (a cofactor in the assembly of the alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimers) as an interacting substrate of Pak1. Pak1 directly phosphorylated TCoB in vitro(More)
The identity of TH2 memory cells and the mechanism regulating their maintenance during allergic inflammation remain elusive. We report that circulated human CD4+ T cells expressing the prostaglandin D2 receptor (CRTH2) are TH2 central memory T cells, characterized by their phenotype, TH2 cytokine production, gene-expression profile, and the ability to(More)
Oestrogen receptor (ER) is a good prognostic marker for the treatment of breast cancers. Upregulation of metastatic tumour antigen 1 (MTA1) is associated with the invasiveness and metastatic potential of several human cancers and acts as a co-repressor of nuclear ER-alpha. Here we identify a naturally occurring short form of MTA1 (MTA1s) that contains a(More)
PURPOSE Approximately two-thirds of breast cancer patients respond to endocrine therapy, and this population of patients is estrogen receptor (ER) positive. However, a significant proportion of patients do not respond to hormone therapy. ER hormone responsiveness is widely believed to be influenced by enhanced cross-talk of ER with overexpressed human(More)
The formation of new branched actin filament networks at the cell cortex of migrating cells is choreographed by the actin-related protein (Arp) 2/3 complex. Despite the fundamental role of the Arp2/3 complex in actin nucleation and branching, upstream signals that control the functions of p41-Arc, a putative regulatory component of the mammalian Arp2/3(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Colorectal cancer is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the United States and other Western countries. Epidemiological and experimental data indicate that regular use of aspirin reduces colon cancer risk. This study was designed to determine if aspirin would significantly inhibit gastrointestinal tumor formation in a mouse(More)