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Actin assembly is important for cell motility, but the mechanism of assembly and how it relates to motility in vivo is largely unknown. In vitro, actin assembly can be controlled by proteins, such as capping protein, that bind filament ends. To investigate the function of actin assembly in vivo, we altered the levels of capping protein in Dictyostelium(More)
Acrp30/adiponectin is reduced in the serum of obese and diabetic individuals, and the genetic locus of adiponectin is linked to the metabolic syndrome. Recombinant adiponectin, administered to diet-induced obese mice, induced weight loss and improved insulin sensitivity. In muscle and liver, adiponectin stimulates AMP-activated protein kinase activation and(More)
Successful ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) would greatly benefit the treatment of disease and the understanding of crucial questions of stem cell biology. Here we show, using microarray studies, that the HSC-supportive mouse fetal liver CD3(+) cells specifically express the proteins angiopoietin-like 2 (Angptl2) and angiopoietin-like 3(More)
Adipocyte complement-related protein of 30 kDa (Acrp30)/adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that affects lipid and glucose metabolism in muscle and liver, but its physical and biochemical properties are poorly characterized. Here we have used several approaches to show that Acrp30 expressed in and purified from Escherichia coli and human embryonic(More)
Acrp30/adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived serum protein with important roles in regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism, but which of its isoforms are biologically active remains controversial. We addressed this issue by first characterizing the structure of each individual Acrp30 oligomer and the determinants responsible for multimer formation. Freeze(More)
Biochemical, genetic, and animal studies in recent years have established a critical role for the adipokine Acrp30/adiponectin in controlling whole-body metabolism, particularly by enhancing insulin sensitivity in muscle and liver, and by increasing fatty acid oxidation in muscle. We describe a widely expressed and highly conserved family of adiponectin(More)
Adiponectin is a major insulin-sensitizing, multimeric hormone derived from adipose tissue that acts on muscle and liver to regulate whole-body glucose and lipid metabolism. Here, we describe a novel and highly conserved paralog of adiponectin designated as C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 9. Of all the CTRP paralogs, CTRP9 shows the highest degree of amino(More)
Adiponectin, a novel hormone made by fat tissue, regulates energy metabolism and endothelial activation. Serum levels of adiponectin are reduced in conditions that are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, such as diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Adiponectin trimers assemble into higher-order oligomers, which have different(More)
Using stereology and immunoelectron microscopy we examined the pathway of Golgi cluster formation during treatment with the phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid. During the first hour the Golgi stack of suspension HeLa cells lost 90% of its membrane without appreciable reduction in the number of cisternae. During this time clusters of tubules and vesicles(More)