Christopher Hudson

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BACKGROUND Fiber regulates the rate and site of lipid and carbohydrate digestion and absorption and thus can modify the alimentary responses to a meal. When fiber sources containing viscous polysaccharides are included in a meal, a slower rate of carbohydrate and lipid absorption will modify the alimentary hormone and lipid responses. OBJECTIVE We(More)
PURPOSE In diabetics, elevated preoperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels are associated with increased complication rates after cardiac surgery. While many non-diabetics also have elevated HbA1c, the relationship with outcome in these patients is not well understood. Therefore, in a cohort of non-diabetic patients, we tested the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND Dialysis-dependent renal failure occurs infrequently after cardiac surgery but leads to substantial morbidity and mortality. In contrast, milder degrees of acute kidney injury (AKI), based on small increases in serum creatinine, occur frequently but the independent impact of mild AKI on outcome remains unclear. METHODS Between January 2010 and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a major postoperative complication. Although some early recovery is common, its effect on long-term outcomes is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that early renal recovery after CSA-AKI is independently associated with improved long-term survival. METHODS Data were examined for 10,275(More)
OBJECTIVE Continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions (CASS) has been found to decrease the incidence of pneumonia in the general intensive care unit (ICU) population, but its benefit in cardiac surgery patients is unclear. The present study aimed to determine whether the routine use of CASS in cardiac surgical patients was associated with decreased(More)
BACKGROUND As aortic valve (AV) repairs become more sophisticated, surgeons need increasingly detailed information about the structure and function of this valve. Unlike two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2D-TEE), using three-dimensional (3D)-TEE makes it possible to image the entire AV. We hypothesized that measuring coaptation surface area(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery. Through a more thorough understanding of perioperative genomics and the evolving role of early biomarkers of AKI, the authors seek to improve meaningful outcomes among cardiac surgery patients. In this review, the focus will be on advances in risk(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral oxygen desaturation during cardiac surgery has been associated with adverse perioperative outcomes. Before a large multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the impact of preventing desaturations on perioperative outcomes, the authors undertook a randomized prospective, parallel-arm, multicenter feasibility RCT to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical handover is a critical moment in patient care. The authors tested the hypothesis that handover of anesthesia care is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. DESIGN This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data. SETTING The study was conducted in a(More)
In the past decades, developments in transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) have opened new horizons in reconstructive surgery of the aortic valve (AV), whereby corrections are made to normalize the geometry and function of the valve, and effectively treat leaks. To the best of our knowledge, we propose the first integrated framework to process(More)