Christopher Hamlin

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to be purchased collectively either through social or private insurance. Doctors sought to monopolize access to the resulting funds, which required "walking a tightrope between markets and government". Government help was needed to eliminate competition but no control over the profession was to be ceded in return. Hence the evolution of powerful(More)
The public health field has long been pulled in two directions, either toward a narrower biomedical mission to control infectious disease or toward a broader mission to address the social and economic factors that adversely affect health and wellbeing. This paper explores as an instance of this tension an 1839 controversy between the statistician William(More)
It has been frequently claimed that cholera epidemics, both in the 19th century and today, were and can be the key stimulus for procurement of safe water and sanitation, an idea that I call "cholera forcing." "Technology forcing" refers to imposition of exogenous factors that suddenly make possible achievements that had not seemed so; cholera has been seen(More)
was from ours. Chapter 8 (1760-1850) sets death within the larger context of Enlightenment rationalism, romanticism and evangelicalism, whereas Chapter 7 (1660-1760) deals with perceptions of death in a changing political scene. Chapters 4 (1150-1380) and 6 (1558-1660) explore the association of secular and religious attitudes to death, while Chapter 5(More)
In 1951 William Addison began his history of the English spa by noting that the vast literature on the medical and chemical properties of mineral waters "would as effectively defy analysis as the waters themselves, apparently, invite it" .' Addison, like most later historians, chose to see the spa mainly as a phenomenon of social history, of changes in(More)