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  • 2011
FOREWORD This Standard has two intended functions. Firstly, it seeks to provide a comprehensive, authoritative definition of the Goal Structuring Notation (GSN). Secondly, it aims to provide clear guidance on current best practice in the use of the notation for those concerned with the development and evaluation of engineering arguments – argument owners,(More)
BACKGROUND How different immune cell compartments contribute to a successful immune response is central to fully understanding the mechanisms behind normal processes such as tissue repair and the pathology of inflammatory diseases. However, the ability to observe and characterize such interactions, in real-time, within a living vertebrate has proved(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The ParaHox transcription factor Cdx2 is an essential determinant of intestinal phenotype in mammals throughout development, influencing gut function, homeostasis, and epithelial barrier integrity. Cdx2 expression demarcates the zones of intestinal stem cell proliferation in the adult gut, with deregulated expression implicated in(More)
Cxcl8 is a pro-inflammatory chemokine, best known for its role in neutrophil chemotaxis. Signalling through its receptors, Cxcr1 and Cxcr2, is induced by inflammatory stimuli evoked by microbial, chemical or environmental stress, and hormonal signals. While it is recognised that Cxcl8 signalling is active in the gut mucosa, this is not as well understood as(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen that can cause serious infection in those with deficient or impaired phagocytes. We have developed the optically transparent and genetically tractable zebrafish embryo as a model for systemic P. aeruginosa infection. Despite lacking adaptive immunity at this developmental stage, zebrafish embryos(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (GCSFR) signaling participates in the production of neutrophilic granulocytes during normal hematopoietic development, with a particularly important role during emergency hematopoiesis. This study describes the characterization of the zebrafish gcsf and gcsfr genes, which showed broad conservation and similar(More)
Establishment and stabilization of endothelial tubes with patent lumens is vital during vertebrate development. Ras-interacting protein 1 (RASIP1) has been described as an essential regulator of de novo lumenogenesis through modulation of endothelial cell (EC) adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, we show that in mouse and zebrafish embryos,(More)
The zebrafish is increasingly being utilized to study aspects of the conserved innate intestinal immunity of vertebrates. In mammals, some antimicrobial proteins are synthesised by specialised immune cells that appear to have no equivalent in zebrafish. To delineate foci of antimicrobial protein production along the zebrafish intestine, we examined the(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), in the form of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC), is a debilitating chronic immune disorder of the intestine. A complex etiology resulting from dysfunctional interactions between the intestinal immune system and its microflora, influenced by host genetic susceptibility, makes disease modeling challenging.(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) results from dysfunctional interactions between the intestinal immune system and microbiota, influenced by host genetic susceptibility. Because a key feature of the pathology is intestinal epithelial damage, potential disease factors have been traditionally analyzed within the background of chemical colitis models in mice.(More)