Christopher H George

Learn More
It has been six years since the first reported link between mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor Ca(2+) release channel (RyR2) and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), a malignant stress-induced arrhythmia. In this time, rapid advances have been made in identifying new mutations, and in understanding how these mutations(More)
Trafficking pathways underlying the assembly of connexins into gap junctions were examined using living COS-7 cells expressing a range of connexin-aequorin (Cx-Aeq) chimeras. By measuring the chemiluminescence of the aequorin fusion partner, the translocation of oligomerized connexins from intracellular stores to the plasma membrane was shown to occur at(More)
The biogenesis of connexins and their assembly into functional gap junction hemichannels (connexons) was studied with the use of a cell-free transcription/translation system. Velocity sedimentation on sucrose gradients showed that a small proportion of connexin (Cx) 26 and Cx32 that were co-translationally translocated into microsomes were oligomers of Cx26(More)
Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum mediated by the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) is a fundamental event in cardiac muscle contraction. RyR2 mutations suggested to cause defective Ca2+ channel function have recently been identified in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia(More)
TLR overactivation may lead to end organ damage and serious acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. TLR responses must therefore be tightly regulated to control disease outcomes. We show in this study the ability of the soluble form of TLR2 (sTLR2) to regulate proinflammatory responses, and demonstrate the mechanisms underlying sTLR2 regulatory capacity.(More)
The assembly of gap junction intercellular communication channels was studied by analysis of the molecular basis of the dysfunction of connexin 32 mutations associated with the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in which peripheral nervous transmission is impaired. A cell-free translation system showed that six recombinant connexin 32 mutated(More)
Ca release via type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyR2) regulates cardiac function. Molecular cloning of human RyR2 identified 2 alternatively spliced variants, comprising 30and 24-bp sequence insertions; yet their role in shaping cardiomyocyte Ca signaling and cell phenotype is unknown. We profiled the developmental regulation and the tissue and species(More)
The cytoplasmic calcium environments along membrane trafficking pathways leading to gap junction intercellular communication channels at the plasma membrane were studied. Connexins, the constitutive proteins of gap junctions, were fused at their carboxyl terminus to the calcium-sensitive photoprotein aequorin. The cellular location of the chimeric proteins(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyR) function as Ca(2+) channels that regulate Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores to control a diverse array of cellular processes. The massive cytoplasmic domain of RyR is believed to be responsible for regulating channel function. We investigated interaction between the transmembrane Ca(2+)-releasing pore and a panel of(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic multi-factorial disease characterized by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) dysfunction that manifests as severely reduced contractility and increased risk of arrhythmia. Several lines of evidence have revealed the existence of defective ryanodine receptor (RyR2)-mediated Ca(2+) leak in HF, although its relevance as a causative(More)