Christopher H George

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Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum mediated by the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) is a fundamental event in cardiac muscle contraction. RyR2 mutations suggested to cause defective Ca2+ channel function have recently been identified in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyR) function as Ca(2+) channels that regulate Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores to control a diverse array of cellular processes. The massive cytoplasmic domain of RyR is believed to be responsible for regulating channel function. We investigated interaction between the transmembrane Ca(2+)-releasing pore and a panel of(More)
There may be several cognitive features that characterize fragile-X syndrome in both males and females. Since this study is one of the few that examines noninstitutionalized individuals with the syndrome, future studies of affected individuals should continue to include formal assessment of their cognitive skills. Likewise, the examination in this study of(More)
The assembly of gap junction intercellular communication channels was studied by analysis of the molecular basis of the dysfunction of connexin 32 mutations associated with the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in which peripheral nervous transmission is impaired. A cell-free translation system showed that six recombinant connexin 32 mutated(More)
RATIONALE Flecainide, a class 1c antiarrhythmic, has emerged as an effective therapy in preventing arrhythmias in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) refractory to β-adrenergic receptor blockade. It has been proposed that the clinical efficacy of flecainide in CPVT is because of the combined actions of direct blockade(More)
Chimeric proteins comprising connexins 26, 32, and 43 and aequorin, a chemiluminescent calcium indicator, were made by fusing the amino terminus of aequorin to the carboxyl terminus of connexins. The retention of function by the chimeric partners was investigated. Connexin 32-aequorin and connexin 43-aequorin retained chemiluminescent activity whereas that(More)
—Arrhythmogenic cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) mutations are associated with stress-induced malignant tachycardia, frequently leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD). The causative mechanisms of RyR2 Ca 2ϩ release dysregulation are complex and remain controversial. We investigated the functional impact of clinically-severe RyR2 mutations occurring in the(More)
The emergence of human stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte (hSCCM)-based assays in the cardiovascular (CV) drug discovery sphere requires the development of improved systems for interrogating the rich information that these cell models have the potential to yield. We developed a new analytical framework termed SALVO (synchronization, amplitude, length, and(More)
The normal contractile, electrical, and energetic function of the heart depends on the synchronization of biological oscillators and signal integrators that make up cellular signaling networks. In this review we interpret experimental data from molecular, cellular, and transgenic models of cardiac signaling behavior in the context of established concepts in(More)