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The biogenesis of connexins and their assembly into functional gap junction hemichannels (connexons) was studied with the use of a cell-free transcription/translation system. Velocity sedimentation on sucrose gradients showed that a small proportion of connexin (Cx) 26 and Cx32 that were co-translationally translocated into microsomes were oligomers of Cx26(More)
It has been six years since the first reported link between mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor Ca(2+) release channel (RyR2) and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), a malignant stress-induced arrhythmia. In this time, rapid advances have been made in identifying new mutations, and in understanding how these mutations(More)
Trafficking pathways underlying the assembly of connexins into gap junctions were examined using living COS-7 cells expressing a range of connexin-aequorin (Cx-Aeq) chimeras. By measuring the chemiluminescence of the aequorin fusion partner, the translocation of oligomerized connexins from intracellular stores to the plasma membrane was shown to occur at(More)
Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum mediated by the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) is a fundamental event in cardiac muscle contraction. RyR2 mutations suggested to cause defective Ca2+ channel function have recently been identified in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic multi-factorial disease characterized by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) dysfunction that manifests as severely reduced contractility and increased risk of arrhythmia. Several lines of evidence have revealed the existence of defective ryanodine receptor (RyR2)-mediated Ca(2+) leak in HF, although its relevance as a causative(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyR) function as Ca(2+) channels that regulate Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores to control a diverse array of cellular processes. The massive cytoplasmic domain of RyR is believed to be responsible for regulating channel function. We investigated interaction between the transmembrane Ca(2+)-releasing pore and a panel of(More)
Ca2+ homeostasis is a vital cellular control mechanism in which Ca2+ release from intracellular stores plays a central role. Ryanodine receptor (RyR)-mediated Ca2+ release is a key modulator of Ca2+ homeostasis, and the defective regulation of RyR is pathogenic. However, the molecular events underlying RyR-mediated pathology remain undefined. Cells stably(More)
There may be several cognitive features that characterize fragile-X syndrome in both males and females. Since this study is one of the few that examines noninstitutionalized individuals with the syndrome, future studies of affected individuals should continue to include formal assessment of their cognitive skills. Likewise, the examination in this study of(More)
RATIONALE Flecainide, a class 1c antiarrhythmic, has emerged as an effective therapy in preventing arrhythmias in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) refractory to β-adrenergic receptor blockade. It has been proposed that the clinical efficacy of flecainide in CPVT is because of the combined actions of direct blockade(More)