Learn More
Cytogenetic studies may provide important clues to the molecular pathogenesis of thyroid neoplasia. Thus, the authors attempted cytogenetic studies on 12 thyroid carcinomas: seven papillary, three follicular, and two anaplastic. Successful cytogenetic results were obtained on all 12 tumors; nine (75%) had one or more chromosomally abnormal clones. Four of(More)
Cytogenetic studies were performed on human glioma samples obtained by stereotactic biopsy, stereotactic craniotomy, or routine craniotomy. Using in situ culture and robotic harvesting techniques, we obtained suitable metaphases in 50 (94%) of 53 tumors, including 28 diffuse astrocytomas, four juvenile pilocytic astrocytomas, two gliosarcomas, three other(More)
The tempo and change in bone growth during puberty in relation to physical growth is described in a cohort of 56 boys and 52 girls. Distal forearm bone width, mineral content and volumetric density, anthropometry and pubertal status were measured at ages 11, 13, 15 and 17 y, and bone age at 17 y. Bone width and mineral content increased independently with(More)
The influences on bone growth of familial factors, nutrition and physical activity are described in a cohort of 108 children (56M, 52F). Distal forearm bone width, mineral content and volumetric density, anthropometry, pubertal status, nutritional intake and physical activity were measured at ages 11, 13, 15 and 17 y. Parental forearm bone status was also(More)
Retrograde tract-tracing techniques were used to investigate whether catecholaminergic neurons in the ventrolateral medulla (VLM) send collateral axonal projections to both central nuclei of the amygdala (ACe) in the rat. Rhodamine-labelled latex microspheres or fluorogold (2%) were microinjected into the region of either the right or left ACe. After a(More)
STUDY DESIGN Controlled, repeat-measures study. OBJECTIVES To determine if functional electrical stimulation (FES) can affect bone atrophy in early spinal cord injury (SCI), and the safety, tolerance and feasibility of this modality in bone loss remediation. SETTING Spinal Injuries Units, Royal Adelaide Hospital and Hampstead Rehabilitation Centre,(More)
This study compared the traditional two-compartment (fat mass or FM; fat free mass or FFM) hydrodensitometric method of body composition measurement, which is based on body density, with three (FM, total body water or TBW, fat free dry mass)- and four (FM, TBW, bone mineral mass or BMM, residual)-compartment models in highly trained men (n = 12), sedentary(More)
Rats have long been the animal of choice for research in the field of osteoporosis. In the search for a complementary large animal model the sheep appears useful but hitherto the extent of bone loss from the spine has failed to reach a level that is generally accepted as osteoporotic in humans. Osteoporosis was induced in ten sheep using ovariectomy, low(More)
CONTEXT The mechanism(s) by which imatinib improves glycemic control in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients with type 2 diabetes remains unclear. OBJECTIVE Adiponectin is an important regulator of insulin sensitivity that is secreted exclusively by adipocytes. We previously reported that imatinib promotes adipocytic differentiation of mesenchymal(More)
We describe a prospective study in which bone mineral density (BMD) was measured in total body and regions, proximal femur, lumbar spine, and forearm in 84 apparently normal postmenopausal women with normal spinal radiographs and in 47 women with 1-10 wedged or compressed vertebrae. There was a history of peripheral fracture in 35 of the 84 controls and 30(More)