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It is well documented in the literature that a contracted maxilla is commonly associated with nasal obstruction. Midpalatal splitting using the rapid maxillary expansion (RME) technique produces separation of the maxillary halves with consequent widening of the nasal cavity. Although clinicians agree about many of the indications for and outcomes of RME,(More)
Orthodontic tooth movement is usually characterized by two centres: the centre of resistance and the centre of rotation. A literature survey shows that both centres vary to a significant extent in both clinical and computational experiments. This paper reports on studies upon five different hypothetical mechanical representations of the periodontal ligament(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of maintaining different foot postures during healing of proximal fifth metatarsal fractures for each of 3 common fracture types. A 3-dimensional (3D) finite element model of a human foot was developed and 3 loading situations were evaluated, including the following: (1) normal weightbearing, (2) standing(More)
This paper discusses several aspects related to the development of a reliable finite element model to simulate the craniofacial changes during rapid maxillary expansion treatment. The mechanical model concerns the entire human skull (bony structure and sutures) as well as the jackscrew device; the latter transforms the manual openings into orthodontic(More)
A two-dimensional finite element analysis was used to evaluate the effects of implant length and diameter on the stress distribution of a single-implant supported crown and the strain distribution of its surrounding bone prior to and after the phase of osseointegration. The effect of length was investigated using implants with a diameter of 3.75 mm and(More)
In this paper, two patient-specific finite element (FE) models of both an L1 vertebra with a normal T-score and a mildly wedging, osteoporotic one were created and analysed under usual action. Utilising commercial software packages for image processing and FE analysis (FEA) along with in house computer codes for a posteriori assignment of material(More)
Numerous studies have been published concerning the characteristics and the behaviour of the intramedullary devices in the treatment of the intertrochanteric hip fractures. However, there is still room for further exploration and exploitation concerning the implant behaviour with respect to the parts of the implant assembly (nail, lag screw and distal(More)
This paper investigates the role of principal strains within the periodontal ligament (PDL) during bone remodelling in orthodontics and particularly in the case of bodily motion (pure translation). Using analytical formulas of stress and strains within the PDL for the particular case of a paraboloidal central incisor during translation, the strains are(More)
Osteoporosis is a metabolic disease that causes bones to become fragile and be more likely to break. As basic clinical examinations to detect osteoporosis, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computer tomography (QCT) are used. In the framework of a typical clinical examination, QCT scans were obtained from the T12 vertebra of an elderly(More)