Christopher E Lawrence

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Chemokine receptors play an important role in the trafficking of various immune cell types to sites of inflammation. Several chemokine receptors are differentially expressed in Th1 and Th2 effector populations. Th2 cells selectively express CCR3, CCR4, and CCR8, which could direct their trafficking to sites of allergic inflammation. Additionally, increased(More)
The development of the gastrointestinal nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus was studied in the mouse. Levels of production of acetylcholinesterase and proteases were measured in excretory/secretory products of various stages of the parasite. The production of acetylcholinesterase was found to be maximal between days 4 and 6 post-infection, corresponding to(More)
In many pathological situations connective tissue cells acquire the ability to degrade the macromolecular components of their extracellular matrix. To study the destruction of collagen we used organ cultures of porcine synovial tissue. In the presence of 15% rabbit serum explants shrink considerably during 10-14 days, owing to early loss of interfibrillar(More)
(1) The effects of hydrocortisone succinate (1.0--0.01 micrograms HC/ml of medium) on porcine articular tissues in organ culture have been studied by histological and biochemical methods. (2) 1.0 and 0.1 micrograms HC/ml considerably inhibited the severe breakdown of matrix that occurs in living and dead cartilage explained in contact with synovial tissue.(More)
The immune response to a primary infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus was monitored in three strains of mice (SJL, BALB/c, CBA) with different degrees of susceptibility to the infection. Parameters measured included circulating leucocyte numbers, T and B cell numbers in the mesenteric lymph nodes, the mucosal mast cell response, and quantitative and(More)
The pro-drug cortisol succinate is frequently used as a substitute for cortisol in organ cultures. We found, however, that in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium the time taken for the ester to undergo 50 per cent hydrolysis (t1/2) to cortisol was 75 h. When 15 per cent heat-inactivated normal rabbit serum was present t1/2 decreased to 47 h, but the rate of(More)
Outbred MF1 mice were characterized with respect to their susceptibility to infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus (Nematoda) on the basis of faecal egg counts after 8 weeks of repeated infection (50 larvae/week). Selective breeding for resistance and susceptibility was carried out over 3 generations. The H-2 type of a sample of the mice was determined,(More)
Experiments are described in which the conditions for the production, assay and isolation of immunomodulatory factors from the excretory-secretory (ES) products of Heligmosomoides polygyrus have been standardized. For the inhibition of an in vitro antibody response to keyhole limpet haemocyanin, immunosuppressive activity was most reproducibly produced by(More)
Colchicine induced a rapid destruction of the collagenous matrix of pig synovial explants in culture in the presence of serum. The most efficacious doses were 0.01-0.1 micrograms/ml (2.5 x 10(-8) M - 2.5 x 10(-7) M). The histological progression of the tissue breakdown induced by colchicine was very similar, although faster, to that described for other(More)
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