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A children's hospital nutritional care team prospectively monitored the frequency of sepsis in central venous catheters used for administering parenteral nutrition. During an initial study period of 12 months, 26/58 (45%) of catheters were removed because of proved sepsis. The possible causes of this alarmingly high rate were examined, with catheter care(More)
Of 230 families belonging to a support group for parents of children born with oesophageal atresia, 124 returned a detailed questionnaire on feeding history and growth. Being slow to feed, refusing meals, coughing or choking during eating, and vomiting at meal times were significantly more common than in 50 healthy control children. Anthropometric analysis(More)
  • C E Holden
  • 1975
When an ischemic contracture develops after injury it appears that the ischemia has pursued a middle course between full recovery and gangrene. The mechanism of such a pathology is difficult to understand. There appear to be two distinct types of injury that precipitate such a contracture; one where a major vessel is occluded and the ischemic tissue lies(More)
Clinical assessments of nutritional status in a group of 44 inpatients, made by a panel of experienced childcare specialists, were compared with anthropometric assessments. Assessors were uniformly poor at detecting severe malnutrition and at assessing the nutritional status of infants. Nutritional status cannot be accurately assessed clinically and(More)
A questionnaire was administered to 70 families with experience of home enteral nutrition. All but one patient received at least some of their feeding overnight. During 11,041 patient days of home enteral nutrition, no serious complications were seen. Sleep disturbance was common, however, and affected 59 parents and 35 children. A nocturnal cough or(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety aspects of carers' enteral feeding technique when home enteral tube feeding children with inherited metabolic disorders (IMD). METHODS 40 patients (median age, 5.1 years; range, 0.3-13.6 years) with IMD requiring pump tube feeding were recruited. 12 patients had glycogen storage disease, 11 organic acidemias, 8 fatty acid(More)
OBJECTIVE It has previously been shown that microbial contamination of enteral feeds given to children in hospital and at home is common. This study therefore examined the effects of improvements in the enteral feeding protocol, coupled with an intensive staff training programme, on bacterial contamination. METHODS The enteral feeding protocol was(More)
Psychological preparation of children undergoing enteral nutrition by nasogastric tube was evaluated in a prospective study of 48 children nursed at home. They were randomly allocated to receive either standard informal preparation or detailed psychological preparation and support. The children were divided into two groups according to age: group A(More)
Ten children with advanced cirrhosis and malnutrition (less than 90% weight for height) were fed for eight weeks with a nasogastric feed comprising whey protein (enriched with branched chain amino acids), fat as 34% medium chain and 66% long chain triglycerides, and glucose polymer. Six of the children were studied for an eight week control period before(More)