Christopher E. Colby

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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE More than 97% of the clinical research in pediatric surgery consists of retrospective data. Although these studies have significant limitations, they fundamentally shape clinical practice within the field. In this report, the authors describe the development and potential applications of a standardized quality assessment scale designed(More)
Neu-Laxova syndrome (NLS) is a lethal, autosomal recessive multiple malformation syndrome with many features resulting from severe skin restriction and decreased fetal movement. It is characterized by ichthyosis, marked intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), microcephaly, short neck, central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, limb deformities, hypoplastic(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was pursued as an extension of a randomized clinical investigation of neonatal screening for cystic fibrosis (CF). The project included assessment of respiratory secretion cultures for pathogens associated with CF. The objective was to determine whether patients diagnosed through neonatal screening and treated in early infancy were more(More)
BACKGROUND PURPOSE Respiratory failure in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may in part be caused by a primary or secondary surfactant deficiency. Knowledge of the optimal approach to surfactant replacement in neonates with CDH and respiratory failure is limited. The aim of this study was to determine if surfactant replacement on(More)
The diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is made from a combination of clinical and radiographic findings. There are no useful screening biochemical markers of intestinal injury. The serum concentration of cytosolic beta-glucosidase (CBG), an enzyme found primarily in enterocytes, is markedly elevated in animal models of ischemia and bowel(More)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has been introduced in several newborn screening programs for the detection of a large number of inborn errors of metabolism, including fatty acid oxidation disorders (FAOD). Early identification and treatment of FAOD have the potential to improve outcome and may be life-saving in some cases; an estimated 5% of sudden infant(More)
OBJECTIVES Extracorporeal life support for neonatal respiratory failure has decreased, but utilization and outcome of cardiac extracorporeal life support are not well characterized. Among neonates born 1996-2000, our objects were to evaluate changes in utilization and outcome of cardiac extracorporeal life support and characterize correlates of survival. (More)
The objective of this study was to identify risk factors of significance for acquisition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Our working hypothesis is that exposure of infants and young children with CF to older, infected patients increases their risk for acquiring this organism. A special opportunity arose to study this(More)
This review discusses the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for the treatment of respiratory failure in neonates. After briefly reviewing the early history of neonatal ECMO, the authors describe the respiratory diagnoses most often treated with ECMO and the manner in which affected neonates are deemed to have "failed" conventional therapies(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy requires that patients be anticoagulated to prevent clotting and thrombotic complications. There are several bedside whole blood microcoagulation systems available to determine activated clotting time (ACT) levels. Many ECMO centers use Hemochron (International Technidyne, Edison, NJ) products to determine(More)