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BACKGROUND PURPOSE Respiratory failure in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may in part be caused by a primary or secondary surfactant deficiency. Knowledge of the optimal approach to surfactant replacement in neonates with CDH and respiratory failure is limited. The aim of this study was to determine if surfactant replacement on(More)
The diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is made from a combination of clinical and radiographic findings. There are no useful screening biochemical markers of intestinal injury. The serum concentration of cytosolic beta-glucosidase (CBG), an enzyme found primarily in enterocytes, is markedly elevated in animal models of ischemia and bowel(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was pursued as an extension of a randomized clinical investigation of neonatal screening for cystic fibrosis (CF). The project included assessment of respiratory secretion cultures for pathogens associated with CF. The objective was to determine whether patients diagnosed through neonatal screening and treated in early infancy were more(More)
The objective of this study was to identify risk factors of significance for acquisition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Our working hypothesis is that exposure of infants and young children with CF to older, infected patients increases their risk for acquiring this organism. A special opportunity arose to study this(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Previous studies suggest that former late preterm infants are at increased risk for learning and behavioral problems compared with term infants. These studies have primarily used referred clinical samples of children followed only until early school age. Our objective was to determine the cumulative incidence of attention(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE More than 97% of the clinical research in pediatric surgery consists of retrospective data. Although these studies have significant limitations, they fundamentally shape clinical practice within the field. In this report, the authors describe the development and potential applications of a standardized quality assessment scale designed(More)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has been introduced in several newborn screening programs for the detection of a large number of inborn errors of metabolism, including fatty acid oxidation disorders (FAOD). Early identification and treatment of FAOD have the potential to improve outcome and may be life-saving in some cases; an estimated 5% of sudden infant(More)
OBJECTIVES Extracorporeal life support for neonatal respiratory failure has decreased, but utilization and outcome of cardiac extracorporeal life support are not well characterized. Among neonates born 1996-2000, our objects were to evaluate changes in utilization and outcome of cardiac extracorporeal life support and characterize correlates of survival. (More)
Evidence suggests that hypothermia for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in the term neonate may decrease the risk of death or neurodevelopmental impairment. The objective of this study was to determine how hypothermia has been incorporated into practice. An anonymous survey was sent to medical directors of United States neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)(More)
Neu-Laxova syndrome (NLS) is a lethal, autosomal recessive multiple malformation syndrome with many features resulting from severe skin restriction and decreased fetal movement. It is characterized by ichthyosis, marked intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), microcephaly, short neck, central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, limb deformities, hypoplastic(More)