Christopher E. Clayton

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A plasma-wakefield accelerator has accelerated particles by over 2.7 GeV in a 10 cm long plasma module. A 28.5 GeV electron beam with 1.8 x 10(10) electrons is compressed to 20 microm longitudinally and focused to a transverse spot size of 10 microm at the entrance of a 10 cm long column of lithium vapor with density 2.8 x 10(17) atoms/cm3. The electron(More)
The energy frontier of particle physics is several trillion electron volts, but colliders capable of reaching this regime (such as the Large Hadron Collider and the International Linear Collider) are costly and time-consuming to build; it is therefore important to explore new methods of accelerating particles to high energies. Plasma-based accelerators are(More)
Laser wakefield acceleration of electrons holds great promise for producing ultracompact stages of GeV scale, high-quality electron beams for applications such as x-ray free electron lasers and high-energy colliders. Ultrahigh intensity laser pulses can be self-guided by relativistic plasma waves (the wake) over tens of vacuum diffraction lengths, to give(More)
P. Muggli, B. E. Blue, C. E. Clayton, S. Deng, F.-J. Decker, M. J. Hogan, C. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Joshi, T. C. Katsouleas, S. Lee, W. Lu, K. A. Marsh, W. B. Mori, C. L. O’Connell, P. Raimondi, R. Siemann, and D. Walz University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA Stanford(More)
A laser wakefield acceleration study has been performed in the matched, self-guided, blowout regime producing 720 +/- 50 MeV quasimonoenergetic electrons with a divergence Deltatheta_{FWHM} of 2.85 +/- 0.15 mrad using a 10 J, 60 fs 0.8 microm laser. While maintaining a nearly constant plasma density (3 x 10{18} cm{-3}), the energy gain increased from 75 to(More)
The SV3T3 C120 line of simian virus 40-transformed mouse cells synthesizes no large T-antigen of molecular weight 94,000 but instead a super T-antigen of molecular weight 145,000. In the accompanying paper (Lovett et al., J. Virol. 44:963-973, 1982), we showed that the integrated viral DNA segment SV3T3-20-K contains a perfect, in-phase, tandem duplication(More)
A photo-ionized lithium source is developed for plasma acceleration applications. A homogeneous column of lithium neutral vapor with a density of 2 10 cm 3 is confined by helium gas in a heat-pipe oven. A UV laser pulse ionizes the vapor. In this device, the length of the neutral vapor and plasma column is 25 cm. The plasma density was measured by laser(More)
Mouse cells transformed by simian virus 40 often contain virus-coded tumor antigens distinct from those synthesized in productively infected permissive cells. The SV3T3 C120 cell line produces no large T-antigen of apparent molecular weight 94,000 but instead a super T-antigen of apparent molecular weight 145,000. We used recombinant DNA techniques to(More)
The concepts of matched-beam, self-guided laser propagation and ionization-induced injection have been combined to accelerate electrons up to 1.45 GeV energy in a laser wakefield accelerator. From the spatial and spectral content of the laser light exiting the plasma, we infer that the 60 fs, 110 TW laser pulse is guided and excites a wake over the entire(More)