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BACKGROUND Ambrisentan is a propanoic acid-based, A-selective endothelin receptor antagonist for the once-daily treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter, Efficacy Study 1 and 2 (ARIES-1 and ARIES-2) were concurrent,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of ambrisentan for a period of 2 years in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). BACKGROUND Ambrisentan is an oral, once-daily endothelin receptor antagonist that is selective for the endothelin type A receptor. The ARIES-1 (Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Randomized,(More)
Based primarily on studies in the chick, it has been assumed that the zinc finger transcription factor Slug is required for neural crest migration. In the mouse, however, Slug is not expressed in the premigratory neural crest, which forms normally in Slug -/- animals. To study the role of Slug in Xenopus laevis, we used the injection of XSlug antisense RNA(More)
The authors review the basic pharmacology and potential for adverse drug-drug interactions (DDIs) of bosentan and ambrisentan, the 2 endothelin receptor antagonists currently approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) treatment. Bosentan, an endothelin (ET) receptor-type ET(A) and ET(B) antagonist, is metabolized to active metabolites by and an(More)
BACKGROUND Ambrisentan is a once-daily, endothelin (ET) type A receptor-selective antagonist approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Ambrisentan is primarily metabolized by glucuronidation and undergoes cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated oxidation to a lesser extent. OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of rifampicin (rifampin), a potent(More)
Ambrisentan (ABS), approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension and administered as an oral dose once daily, is an ET(A)-selective endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) and a potential substrate for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP), and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of(More)
BACKGROUND Six-minute walk distance (6MWD) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels at baseline and after initiation of treatment have been associated with survival in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Our objective was to determine the individual and additive ability of pretreatment and posttreatment 6MWD and BNP to discriminate 2-year(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and progressive disease of the pulmonary arterial circulation that is characterized by a progressive rise in pulmonary vascular resistance, eventually leading to right-heart failure and death. There are currently 3 classes of drugs approved for the treatment of PAH: prostacyclin analogues, endothelin receptor(More)
This Phase I trial explores the use of high-dose 90Y conjugated to the antibreast cancer monoclonal antibody BrE-3 and autologous hematologic cell support in the treatment of women with stage four breast cancer. Nine women with heavily pretreated disease were enrolled. All of the patients had BrE-3-positive tumors by immunostaining and were treated with(More)
The pharmacokinetic interaction between sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, and ambrisentan, an ET(A)-selective, propanoic acid-based endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA), was studied in a 2-period crossover study in 19 healthy volunteers, with ambrisentan exposure (AUC(0-infinity)) and maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) determined(More)