Christopher D. Rithner

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A crucial and distinctive feature of tuberculosis infection is that Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) resides in granulomatous lesion at various stages of disease development and necrosis, an aspect that is little understood. We used a novel approach, applying high resolution magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (HRMAS NMR) directly(More)
The emb genes are conserved among different mycobacteria. In Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, they belong to an operon comprising three genes, embC, embA, and embB. The EmbB protein has been proposed to be the target of ethambutol, a drug which is known to inhibit the synthesis of the arabinan portion of the mycobacterial cell wall(More)
The early steps in the biosynthesis of Taxol involve the cyclization of geranylgeranyl diphosphate to taxa-4(5),11(12)-diene followed by cytochrome P450-mediated hydroxylation at C5, acetylation of this intermediate, and a second cytochrome P450-dependent hydroxylation at C10 to yield taxadien-5 alpha-acetoxy-10 beta-ol. Subsequent steps of the pathway(More)
The cellular envelope of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is highly distinctive and harbors a wealth of unique lipids possessing diverse structural and biological properties. However, the ability to conduct global analyses on the full complement of M. tuberculosis lipids has been missing from the repertoire of tools applied to the study of this important(More)
Cells from suspension cultures of Taxus cuspidata were extracted with pentane as a source of relatively non-polar taxoids. Of the 13 taxoids identified in this fraction, eight were oxygenated at C-14 and two had not been previously described. These taxoids, along with existing taxoid standards, were employed to profile the metabolites of Taxus x media cv.(More)
Ca2+ channel beta subunits regulate cell-surface expression and gating of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel alpha1 subunits. Based on primary sequence comparisons, beta subunits are predicted to be modular structures composed of five domains (A-E) that are related to the large family of membrane-associated guanylate kinase proteins. The crystal structure of(More)
BACKGROUND The committed step in the biosynthesis of the anticancer drug taxol in yew (Taxus) species is the cyclization of geranylgeranyl diphosphate to taxa-4(5),11(12)-diene. The enzyme taxadiene synthase catalyzes this complex olefin cation cyclization cascade involving the formation of three rings and three stereogenic centers. RESULTS Recombinant(More)
The fluorescent alkaloid norharmane has been isolated from Reticulitermes termites and characterized by 1H NMR, UV/Vis, mass spectrometry, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Microcoil 1H NMR spectroscopy allowed spectra to be obtained from mass-limited material, facilitating the identification of norharmane, which is the major component in termite(More)
Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) was identified as a host recognition cue for larvae of the western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte. An active glycolipid fraction obtained from an extract of germinating maize roots was isolated with thin layer chromatography using a bioassay-driven approach. When analyzed with LC-MS (positive ion(More)
Current knowledge on the structure of lipoarabinomannan (LAM) has resulted primarily from detailed studies on a few selected laboratory strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis BCG, and Mycobacterium smegmatis. Our previous work was the first to report on the salient structural features of M. tuberculosis clinical isolates and demonstrated(More)