Christopher D. Kaufman

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Sleeping Beauty (SB) is the most active Tc1/mariner-type transposable element in vertebrates, and is therefore a valuable vector for transposon mutagenesis in vertebrate models and for human gene therapy. We have analyzed factors affecting target site selection of SB in mammalian cells, by generating transposition events from extrachromosomal plasmids to(More)
Translocation of Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon requires specific binding of SB transposase to inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) of about 230 bp at each end of the transposon, which is followed by a cut-and-paste transfer of the transposon into a target DNA sequence. The ITRs contain two imperfect direct repeats (DRs) of about 32 bp. The outer DRs are at(More)
Members of the Tc1/mariner superfamily of transposable elements isolated from vertebrate species are inactive due to the accumulation of mutations. A representative of a subfamily of fish elements estimated to be last active > 10 million years ago has been reconstructed, and named Sleeping Beauty(SB). This element opened up new avenues for studies on DNA(More)
We have evaluated the efficacy of RecA, a prokaryotic protein involved with homologous recombination, to direct site-specific mutagenesis in zebrafish embryos. For this we coinjected a vector containing a mutated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene plus 236-nucleotide corrective single-stranded DNAs coated with RecA into 1-cell zebrafish embryos.(More)
We have developed a stable RNA interference (RNAi) delivery system that is based on the Frog Prince transposable element. This plasmid-based vector system combines the gene silencing capabilities of H1 polymerase III promoter-driven short hairpin RNAs (shRNA) with the advantages of stable and efficient genomic integration of the shRNA cassette mediated by(More)
The c-ski proto-oncogene encodes a transcriptional regulator that has been implicated in the development of different tissues at different times during vertebrate development. We identified two novel paralogues of the c-ski gene family, skiA and skiB in zebrafish (Danio rerio). The skiA protein is maternal and ubiquitous while skiB is zygotic.(More)
We used the Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposable element as a tool to probe transposon-host cell interactions in vertebrates. The Miz-1 transcription factor was identified as an interactor of the SB transposase in a yeast two-hybrid screen. Through its association with Miz-1, the SB transposase down-regulates cyclin D1 expression in human cells, as evidenced(More)
The functional relevance of the inverted repeat structure (IR/DR) in a subgroup of the Tc1/mariner superfamily of transposons has been enigmatic. In contrast to mariner transposition, where a topological filter suppresses single-ended reactions, the IR/DR orchestrates a regulatory mechanism to enforce synapsis of the transposon ends before cleavage by the(More)
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