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In C2C12 myoblasts, endogenous histone deacetylase HDAC4 shuttles between cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments, supporting the hypothesis that its subcellular localization is dynamically regulated. However, upon differentiation, this dynamic equilibrium is disturbed and we find that HDAC4 accumulates in the nuclei of myotubes, suggesting a positive role of(More)
The keratinocyte lipid-binding protein (KLBP) has been identified on the basis of nucleotide sequence analysis of its cloned cDNA as a new member of the intracellular lipid-binding protein (iLBP) multigene family. To characterize KLBP and determine its ligand-binding properties, its cDNA was subcloned into Escherichia coli, and the protein was overexpressed(More)
Ca 2+ /calmodulin dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) is a multifunctional, serine-threonine protein kinase that is activated in the presence of increased intracellular calcium ( Ca 2+ ).CaMKIV is a potent medi-ator of Ca 2+ induced gene expression, primarily through its ability to phosphorylate and activate transcrip-tion factors such as CREB.(More)
Retinoid-related receptor alpha (RORalpha) is an orphan nuclear receptor that constitutively activates transcription from its cognate response element. We show that RORalpha is Ca(2+ )responsive, and a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-independent form of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) potentiates RORalpha-dependent transcription 20- to 30-fold.(More)
A number of crystallographic studies of the adipocyte lipid-binding protein have established that the fatty acid-binding site is within an internalized water-filled cavity. The same studies have also suggested the existence of a region physically distinct from the fatty acid-binding site which connects the cavity of the protein with the external solvent,(More)
The crystal structure of the adipocyte lipid-binding protein (ALBP) with coordinated fatty acid shows the hydrophobic ligand bound within a water-filled central cavity with its carboxyl group engaged in a hydrogen bonding network involving, at least in part, the functional groups of residues R126 and Y128. We produced mutant forms of ALBP which altered(More)
The fluorescent probe 1-anilinonapthalene 8-sulfonic acid (1,8-ANS) has been used to characterize a general assay for members of the intracellular lipid-binding protein (iLBP) multigene family. The adipocyte lipid-binding protein (ALBP), the keratinocyte lipid-binding protein (KLBP), the cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP), and the cellular retinoic(More)
A new series of alpha-aryl or alpha-heteroarylphenyl propanoic acid derivatives was synthesized that incorporate acetylene-, ethylene-, propyl-, or nitrogen-derived linkers as a replacement of the commonly used ether moiety that joins the central phenyl ring with the lipophilic tail. The effect of these modifications in the binding and activation of(More)
Peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor that regulates genes involved in lipid metabolism and energy homeostasis. PPAR-alpha activators, including fibrates, have been used to treat dyslipidemia for several decades. In contrast to their known effects on lipids, the pharmacological consequences of(More)
The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is recognized as the primary target of the fibrate class of hypolipidemic drugs and mediates lipid lowering in part by activating a transcriptional cascade that induces genes involved in the catabolism of lipids. We report here the characterization of three novel PPARalpha(More)