Christopher D Houle

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OBJECTIVE Impairment of cell adhesion plays a vital role in tumor progression. E- and N-cadherin, CD9, and KAI1 are all adhesion molecules that have been implicated in the progression of several different tumor types. To help explain the potential role these adhesion molecules have in ovarian cancer, comparisons were made between expression patterns in(More)
To respond to potential adverse exposures properly, health care providers need accurate indicators of exposure levels. The indicators are particularly important in the case of acetaminophen (APAP) intoxication, the leading cause of liver failure in the U.S. We hypothesized that gene expression patterns derived from blood cells would provide useful(More)
Benzene and ethylene oxide are multisite carcinogens in rodents and classified as human carcinogens by the National Toxicology Program. In 2-year mouse studies, both chemicals induced mammary carcinomas. We examined spontaneous, benzene-, and ethylene oxide-induced mouse mammary carcinomas for p53 protein expression, using immunohistochemistry, and p53(More)
Many factors that can modulate the risk of developing uterine leiomyoma have been identified, including parity. Epidemiological data on decreased risk of developing this disease has been subject to different interpretations regarding whether pregnancy per se is protective or, as leiomyomas are a major cause of infertility, women that develop these tumors(More)
Ethylene oxide is a multisite carcinogen in rodents and classified as a human carcinogen by the National Toxicology Program. In 2-year mouse studies, ethylene oxide (EO) induced lung, Harderian gland (HG), and uterine neoplasms. We evaluated representative EO-induced and equivalent spontaneous neoplasms for K-ras mutations in codons 12, 13, and 61. K-ras(More)
Leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) has been genetically linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The most common LRRK2 mutation, G2019S, which is relatively rare in the total population, gives rise to increased kinase activity. As such, LRRK2 kinase inhibitors are potentially useful in the treatment of PD. We herein(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the shortest period of time necessary to detect histologic evidence of estrous cycle disruption in Sprague-Dawley rats treated for up to 28 days with the aromatase inhibitor exemestane at 1,000 mg/kg. Rats were evaluated on day 5, 8, 15, or 29. Vaginal mucification, uterine and cervical epithelial atrophy,(More)
Mutations in both p53 and BRCA2 are commonly seen together in human tumors suggesting that the loss of both genes enhances tumor development. To elucidate this interaction in an animal model, mice lacking the carboxy terminal domain of Brca2 were crossed with p53 heterozygous mice. Females from this intercross were then irradiated with an acute dose of 5 Gy(More)
The identification of neurotoxicity is a critical issue in drug development, and toxicologic pathologists play an important role in this effort. Neuropathology is a specialized area of toxicologic pathology in which a substantial number of nonroutine techniques and methods have been developed, and there are undoubtedly many instances in which these(More)
Cutaneous reactions represent one of the most common adverse drug effects observed in clinical trials leading to substantial compound attrition. Three negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), which represent an important target for neurological diseases, developed by Pfizer, were recently failed in preclinical(More)