Christopher D. Bertram

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We present experimental and computational results that describe the level, distribution, and importance of velocity fluctuations within the venous anastomosis of an arteriovenous graft. The motivation of this work is to understand better the importance of biomechanical forces in the development of intimal hyperplasia within these grafts. Steady-flow in(More)
Thick-walled silicone rubber tube connected to rigid pipes upstream and downstream was externally pressurised (pe) to cause collapse while aqueous fluid flowed through propelled by a constant upstream head. Three types of equilibrium were found: stable equilibria (steady flow) at high downstream flow resistance R2, self-excited oscillations at low R2, and(More)
Segments of silicone rubber tube were suspended between rigid pipes and subjected to slowly varying transmural pressure covering a range from slight distension to collapse with osculation. The local inside cross-sectional area at a chosen axial site was simultaneously measured via catheter by an electrical impedance method. Pressure-area relations were(More)
A two-dimensional axi-symmetric numerical model is constructed of the spinal cord, consisting of elastic cord tissue surrounded by aqueous cerebrospinal fluid, in turn surrounded by elastic dura. The geometric and elastic parameters are simplified but of realistic order, compared with existing measurements. A distal reflecting site models scar tissue formed(More)
The aim of this investigation was to achieve the first step toward a comprehensive model of the lymphatic system. A numerical model has been constructed of a lymphatic vessel, consisting of a short series chain of contractile segments (lymphangions) and of intersegmental valves. The changing diameter of a segment governs the difference between the flows(More)
Rotary blood pumps offer a cost-effective way to assist the failing heart. Relative to their pulsatile cousins, they can consist of remarkably few moving parts, with attendant advantages in reliability. These advantages are realized in full only if the entire assist system is kept maximally simple. Control of the pump must therefore be based on a minimum(More)
The self-excited oscillation of airway structures and flexible tubes in response to flow is reviewed. The structures range from tiny airways deep in the lung causing wheezing at the end of a forced expiration, to the pursed lips of a brass musical instrument player. Other airway structures that vibrate include the vocal cords (and their avian equivalent,(More)
A simple, third-order lumped parameter model is presented to describe unsteady flow in a short segment of collapsible tube held between two rigid segments and contained in a pressurised chamber. Equilibrium states and their stability are analysed in detail, as is fully non-linear time dependent behaviour, including in particular the excitation and(More)
An existing lumped-parameter model of multiple lymphangions (lymphatic vascular segments) in series is adapted for the incorporation of recent physiological measurements of lymphatic vascular properties. The new data show very marked nonlinearity of the passive pressure-diameter relation during distension, relative to comparable blood vessels, and complex(More)