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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in the majority of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, produce 9% to 27% response rates in NSCLC patients. E-Cadherin, a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, plays an important role in NSCLC prognosis and progression, and interacts(More)
Recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) is a natural anticoagulant with potentially important anti-inflammatory properties. In humans with severe sepsis, rhAPC treatment reduces mortality, but mechanisms responsible have not been well characterized. Accumulation of activated neutrophils in the lungs and other organs during severe infection contributes(More)
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) produce objective responses in a minority of patients with advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and about half of all treated patients progress within 6 weeks of instituting therapy. Because the target of these agents is known, it should be possible to develop(More)
Emphysema occurs in a subgroup of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and patients with the genetic defect of alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency who have a smoking history of many years' duration. Emphysema is generally the result of a chronic and progressive destruction of the alveolar structures, which is believed to be driven by chronic(More)
Nondiseased tissue is an important reference for microarray studies of pulmonary disease. We obtained 23 single lungs from multiorgan donors at time of procurement. Donors varied in age, sex, smoking history, and ethnicity. Lungs were dissected into upper and lower lobe peripheral sections for RNA extraction. Microarray analysis was performed using(More)
The modest response of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) to epithelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefitinib and erlotinib indicates the need for the development of biomarkers to predict response. We determined gefitinib sensitivity in a panel of HNSCC cell(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an untreatable lung disease with a median survival of only 3-5 years that is diagnosed using a combination of clinical, radiographic and pathologic criteria. Histologically, IPF is characterised by usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), a fibrosing interstitial pneumonia with a pattern of heterogeneous,(More)
Despite widespread expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors (EGFRs) and EGF family ligands in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), EGFR-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as gefitinib exhibit limited activity in this cancer. We propose that autocrine growth signaling pathways distinct from EGFR are active in NSCLC cells. To this(More)
RATIONALE Vascular remodeling in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) involves proliferation and migration of endothelial and smooth muscle cells, leading to obliterative vascular lesions. Previous studies have indicated that the endothelial cell proliferation is quasineoplastic, with evidence of monoclonality and instability of short DNA microsatellite(More)
BACKGROUND A plethora of agents is in early stages of development for colorectal cancer (CRC), including those that target the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGFIR) pathway. In the current environment of numerous cancer targets, it is imperative that patient selection strategies be developed with the intent of preliminary testing in the latter(More)