Christopher Chikhosi Stanley

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BACKGROUND Couples HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is encouraged but is not widely done in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to compare two strategies for recruiting male partners for CHTC in Malawi's option B+ prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme: invitation only versus invitation plus tracing and postulated that invitation plus tracing would(More)
BACKGROUND Many sub-Saharan African countries have adopted Option B+, a prevention of mother-to-child transmission approach providing HIV-infected pregnant and lactating women with immediate lifelong antiretroviral therapy. High maternal attrition has been observed in Option B+. Peer-based support may improve retention. METHODS A 3-arm stratified cluster(More)
Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is the most common paediatric cancer in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Anthracyline-based treatment is standard in resource-rich settings, but has not been described in SSA. Children ≤18 years of age with newly diagnosed BL were prospectively enrolled from June 2013 to May 2015 in Malawi. Staging and supportive care were standardized, as(More)
OBJECTIVES The incidence of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) due to population growth, aging, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Despite significant burden, resources for diagnosis and treatment of LPDs are limited, with little infrastructure to deliver modern pathology services. Diagnostic and therapeutic(More)
Studies on factors of low birth weight in Malawi have neglected the flexible approach of using smooth functions for some covariates in models. Such flexible approach reveals detailed relationship of covariates with the response. The study aimed at investigating risk factors of low birth weight in Malawi by assuming a flexible approach for continuous(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer burden is high in low-income countries. Inadequate early detection contributes to late diagnosis and increased mortality. We describe the training program for Malawi's first clinical breast exam (CBE) screening effort. METHODS Laywomen were recruited as Breast Health Workers (BHWs) with the help of local staff and breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer awareness and early detection are limited in sub-Saharan Africa. Resource limitations make screening mammography or clinical breast examination (CBE) by physicians or nurses impractical in many settings. We aimed to assess feasibility and performance of CBE by laywomen in urban health clinics in Malawi. METHODS Four laywomen were(More)
BACKGROUND Malawi introduced an ambitious public health program known as "Option B+" which provides all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women with lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy, regardless of WHO clinical stage or CD4 cell count. The PMTCT Uptake and REtention (PURE) study aimed at evaluating the effect of peer-support on care-seeking(More)
Point-of-care tools are needed in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to improve pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL) diagnosis and treatment. We evaluated plasma Epstein-Barr virus (pEBV) DNA as a pediatric BL biomarker in Malawi. Prospectively enrolled children with BL were compared to classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and nonlymphoma diagnoses. Pediatric BL patients(More)