Christopher Cerniglia

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In this article, we present 5 cases of uncommon anomalous vertebral arteries and discuss the possible embryologic etiologies. These cases include a left vertebral artery as the 2nd branch off the left subclavian, a left vertebral artery with 2 origins, a right vertebral artery arising as the last branch off the aorta, a right vertebral artery arising as the(More)
INTRODUCTION TO THE PROBLEM WE ADDRESSED Radiologists rely on high-quality diagnostic radiographs to detect anatomic abnormalities and make consistent, accurate diagnoses for their patients. Unfortunately, radiographs are sometimes obtained with quality defects, which can impair image interpretation. Although causes of poor radiographic quality are many,(More)
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