Christopher C. Nolan

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Dicer is a protein that plays a pivotal role in the final steps of the microRNA (miRNA) processing pathway, to produce mature miRNAs from their precursor molecules. The purpose of the current study was to assess the biological and prognostic value of Dicer protein expression in breast cancer (BC). Dicer protein expression was assessed immunohistochemically(More)
Drosha is a protein that plays a key role in the biogenesis of microRNAs which are well known to be deranged in human breast cancer (BC). The purpose of the current study was to assess the biological and prognostic value of Drosha protein expression in BC. Drosha protein expression was assessed immunohistochemically in two sets of BC: (1) full-face sections(More)
A reliable way to visualise the state of microglial activation is to monitor the microglial gene expression profile. Microglia are the only CNS resident cells that synthesise C1q, the recognition sub-component of the classical complement pathway, in vivo. C1q biosynthesis in resting ramified microglia is often low, but it increases dramatically in activated(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown is a feature of cerebral ischaemia, multiple sclerosis, and other neurodegenerative diseases, yet the relationship between astrocytes and the BBB integrity remains unclear. We present a simple in vivo model in which primary astrocyte loss is followed by microvascular damage, using the metabolic toxin 3-chloropropanediol(More)
Although breast cancer (BC) incidence is lower in African–American women compared with White-American, in African countries such as Nigeria, BC is a common disease. Nigerian women have a higher risk for early-onset, with a high mortality rate from BC, prompting speculation that risk factors could be genetic and the molecular portrait of these tumours are(More)
SUMMARY Ovarian cancers with BRCA mutations rely on the alternative DNA repair mechanism of the poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerases (PARP)-dependent base excision repair pathway, with a better overall survival and response to chemotherapy, than BRCA1-proficient cases. This can be enhanced further by using PARP inhibitors. Rate of PARP cleavage(More)
Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), as defined by loss of epithelial characteristics and gain of a mesenchymal phenotype, has been reported in vivo although the occurrence of events remains unclear. This study aims at exploration of EMT portraits of breast cancer (BC) with relevance to different molecular pathways, especially potential EMT triggers and(More)
Although the role of BRCA1 and the homologous recombination (HR) pathway in breast cancer (BC) has been extensively studied, the alternative repair pathway for DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) remains to be defined. Ku proteins bind to DNA DSB ends and play a key role in NHEJ. In this study we aimed to assess the expression(More)
Breakdown of the blood-brain barrier is a feature of acute and chronic neurodegenerative changes, yet the relationship between astrocytes and the mature barrier remains unclear. We studied this role of astrocytes in vivo using a gliotoxin and evaluated changes in three vascular tight junction markers. Male Fisher F344 rats given systemic 3-chloropropanediol(More)
FABP7 is a member of the multi-gene fatty acid binding protein family. It is expressed in the mammary gland and has been shown to function as inhibitor of proliferation of breast tumour cells and to promote differentiation through the JAK/Stat pathway. Cytoplasmic FABP7 expression has been shown to be associated with a favourable prognosis of basal-like(More)