Christopher C. Nolan

Learn More
Exposure to 1,3-dinitrobenzene (1,3-DNB) in humans induces methaemoglobinaemia, nausea and nervous symptoms. When given to conventional rats, twice-daily oral doses of 10 mg kg-1 1,3-DNB produce methaemoglobinaemia and frequently ataxia after four or five doses. In germ free rats given only a single oral dose of 20 mg kg-1, similar symptoms occur but are of(More)
Using a 3 x 10 mg/kg dose schedule of 1,3-dinitrobenzene (DNB) over two days in Fischer rats, we have found the following changes in vascular function and structure during the early phase of the symmetrical brain stem lesions. 1. Marked increase in cerebral blood flow generally but especially in the inferior colliculi, from 6 h after the final dose of DNB.(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the dynamics of blood-brain barrier breakdown in an in vivo rat model of selective CNS vulnerability. 1,3-Dinitrobenzene was used to induce rapid glial degeneration in highly defined areas of the brainstem. Leakage of fluorescent dextran was used to demonstrate the breakdown of the blood-brain barrier, and antibodies(More)
Malignant renal carcinoma, manifest in morbid ageing rats, is the striking component of an otherwise silent response after about nine months of exposure to ochratoxin A in the first year of life (daily intake ~100-250 µg/kg body weight). Reasons for the long latency are unclear, as is whether there would be a similar carcinogenic response if toxin exposure(More)
To test the hypothesis that altered neuronal activity may influence the extent and severity of the glio-vascular lesions produced by 1,3-dinitrobenzene (DNB), rats were either given the tremorgenic pyrethroid, Bifenthrin, or anaesthetised during various dosing schedules of DNB. When compared with controls dosed only with DNB, Bifenthrin tremor made both the(More)
To determine whether neuronal activity plays a role in the localisation of brain stem lesions in 1,3-dinitrobenzene intoxication we produced asymmetrical changes in auditory input by rupturing the left tympanic membrane in Fischer rats. This raised the auditory threshold on that side from 57-63 dB to 104-122 dB. It also decreased glucose utilisation in the(More)
Determination of the molecular mechanisms involved in organophosphate-induced axonopathy may help to elucidate those involved in normal axonal maintenance and in other neurodegenerative conditions. In this study we aimed to define the cellular distribution of neuropathy target esterase, the primary target protein for neuropathic organophosphates. A(More)
Both the racemate and the L-form of BMAA (beta-methylaminoalanine), when injected intraperitoneally into young rats, produced acute signs of cerebellar dysfunction and degeneration of cerebellar stellate, basket, Purkinje and Golgi cells, but not granule cells. Degenerative changes were also occasionally seen in cerebellar roof nuclei which may be secondary(More)
Infusion of the serine and thiol protease inhibitor, leupeptin, is known to cause a reduction of fast axoplasmic transport, and accumulation of lysosomal dense bodies in neuronal perikarya. We have found these dense bodies in hippocampal and cerebellar neurons contain ubiquitin conjugated proteins. We now demonstrate that these accumulated neuronal(More)
Cisplatin given in doses of 0.5-2 mg to Wistar and to Sprague-Dawley rats produced nucleolar segregation of the dense fibrillar from the granular component in spinal root ganglion cells. The nucleolar segregation, found to the same extent in large and small neurons, was confirmed by specific silver staining and by electron microscopy. After repeated doses(More)