Christopher C. Dascher

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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the GTP-binding Ypt1 protein (Ypt1p) is essential for endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi protein transport. By exploiting a GAL10-YPT1 fusion to regulate YPT1 expression, three multicopy suppressors, SLY2, SLY12, and SLY41, and a single-copy suppressor, SLY1-20, that allowed YPT1-independent growth were isolated. Wild-type Sly1p is(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome contains 11 serine/threonine kinase genes including two, pknA and pknB, that are part of an operon encoding genes involved in cell shape control and cell wall synthesis. Here we demonstrate that pknA and pknB are predominantly expressed during exponential growth, and that overexpression of these kinases slows growth and(More)
Live vaccines have long been known to trigger far more vigorous immune responses than their killed counterparts. This has been attributed to the ability of live microorganisms to replicate and express specialized virulence factors that facilitate invasion and infection of their hosts. However, protective immunization can often be achieved with a single(More)
It has been shown previously that defects in the essential GTP-binding protein, Ypt1p, lead to a block in protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we report that four newly discovered suppressors of YPT1 deletion (SLY1-20, SLY2, SLY12, and SLY41) to a varying degree restore(More)
We report that dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the mouse is under host control and precedes the initiation of T-cell immunity. Nine to eleven days after aerosol inoculation, M. tuberculosis disseminates to the pulmonary lymph nodes (LN), where M. tuberculosis-specific T cells are detected 2 to 3 days thereafter. This indicates that the(More)
It is generally accepted that TCR alphabeta+ CD8+ T cells recognize immunogenic peptides bound to MHC-encoded class I molecules. This recognition is a major component of the cellular response mediating immune protection and recovery from viral infections and from certain intracellular bacterial infections. Here, we report two human CD8+ TCR alphabeta+ T(More)
Many of the genes that comprise the vertebrate adaptive immune system are conserved across wide evolutionary time scales. Most notably, homologs of the mammalian MHC gene family have been found in virtually all jawed vertebrates, including sharks, bony fishes, reptiles, and birds. The CD1 family of antigen-presenting molecules are related to the MHC class I(More)
Cadherins are integral membrane proteins expressed in tissue-restricted patterns that mediate homophilic intercellular adhesion. During development, they orchestrate tissue morphogenesis and, in the adult, they determine tissue integrity and architecture. The synovial lining is a condensation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and macrophages one to(More)
The CD1 molecules are cell-surface proteins that bind and present foreign lipids and glycolipids to T cells in a manner similar to the MHC system. While the mammalian CD1 antigen presentation pathway is well characterized, little is known about CD1 in non-mammalian vertebrates. Previous studies have identified two CD1 homologues in the chicken. We developed(More)