Christopher C. Ashley

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Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), characterized by cardiac dilatation and contractile dysfunction, is a major cause of heart failure. Inherited DCM can result from mutations in the genes encoding cardiac troponin T, troponin C, and alpha-tropomyosin; different mutations in the same genes cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. To understand how certain mutations(More)
1. The relative isometric tension-pCa relationship has been determined for isolated bundles of barnacle myofibrils under a variety of ionic conditions using [Ca(2+)]-buffered solutions which also contained an ATP regenerating system (creatine phosphate and creatine kinase).2. The results are in better agreement with the ;consecutive' scheme of reaction(More)
The peptide endothelin causes a biphasic rise in intracellular free calcium levels in cultured Type-1 astrocytes and C6 glioma cells, suggesting that glial cells may be the physiological target of endothelin in the brain. Endothelin also causes a calcium-dependent increase [3H]thymidine incorporation in primary cultures of rat cerebellum, indicating that,(More)
Thapsigargin has been reported to inhibit ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake by isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles of vertebrate skeletal muscle fibres at nanomolar concentrations. There have been no reports confirming this effect in skinned muscle fibre preparations. We have examined the ability of thapsigargin to inhibit the uptake of Ca2+ by the SR in(More)
We report the first time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies on tetanized intact single muscle fibers of the frog. The 10, 11, 20, 21, 30, and Z equatorial reflections were clearly resolved in the relaxed fiber. The preparation readily withstood 100 1-s duration (0.4-s beam exposure) tetani at 4 degrees C (less than 4% decline of force and no deterioration(More)
1. The calcium-sensitive photoprotein aequorin has been used to follow the rapid changes in intracellular calcium concentration that occur during the contraction of single muscle fibres from the barnacle Balanus nubilus, Darwin.2. The transient change in calcium-mediated light emission (calcium transient) and the changes in membrane potential and tension(More)
Two isoforms of troponin C (BTnC1 and BTnC2) from the striated muscle of the arthropodBalanus nubilus Darwin (giant barnacle) have been purified (Potteret al., 1987; Collinset al., 1991). Both isoforms were present in all of the white striated muscle fibres studied but not in the red fibres. The ratio of BTnC2 to BTnC1 in different fibre types varied(More)