Christopher Byrd

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Taxol, a plant-derived antitumor agent, stabilizes microtubules. Taxol also elicits cell signals in a manner indistinguishable from bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS-like actions of Taxol are controlled by the lps gene and are independent of binding to the known Taxol target, beta-tubulin. Using biotin-labeled Taxol, avidin-agarose affinity(More)
Studies in mice infected with the gastrointestinal nematode parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis demonstrated that IL-4/IL-13 activation of Stat6 suppresses development of intestinal mastocytosis and does not contribute to IL-4/IL-13 production, but is still essential for parasite expulsion. Because expulsion of another gastrointestinal nematode,(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway controls cell fate and neoplastic transformation. Expression of an endogenous stabilized beta-catenin (DeltaE3 beta-catenin) in mammary epithelium leads to the transdifferentiation into epidermis- and pilar-like structures. Signaling molecules in the canonical Wnt pathway upstream from beta-catenin induce glandular(More)
B7 costimulation is a required component of many type 2 immune responses, including allergy and protective immunity to many nematode parasites. This response includes elevations in Th2 cytokines and associated effector functions including elevations in serum IgG1 and IgE and parasite expulsion. In studies of mice infected with Trichuris muris, blocking B7(More)
Multiple pathways link expression of PTR2, the transporter of di- and tripeptides in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, to the availability and quality of nitrogen sources. Previous work has shown that induction of PTR2 by extracellular amino acids requires, in particular, SSY1 and PTR3. SSY1 is structurally similar to amino acid transporters but functions(More)
We have examined the patterns of expression of the homeotic gene Ubx in imaginal discs of Drosophila larvae carrying mutations in the abx, bx and pbx regulatory domains. In haltere discs, all five bx insertion mutations examined led to a general reduction in Ubx expression in the anterior compartment; for a given allele, the strength of the adult cuticle(More)
Millimeter wave treatment (MWT) is based on those biological effects that develop following skin exposure to low power electromagnetic waves. This method of treatment is in wide clinical use in several Eastern European countries for treatment of a variety of conditions, including pain syndromes. However, most treatment modes of MWT were developed(More)
CD19 is a B cell–specific antigen expressed on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells but to date has not been effectively targeted with therapeutic monoclonal antibodies. XmAb5574 is a novel engineered anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody with a modified constant fragment (Fc)–domain designed to enhance binding of Fc RIIIa. Herein, we demonstrate that XmAb5574(More)
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