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The cell cycle events accompanying TGF-beta1-induced growth arrest of normal mouse resting B lymphocytes stimulated by LPS were investigated. We showed that TGF-beta1 prevents the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) phosphorylation and induces growth arrest in mid- to late G1. To explore the molecular basis of the effect of TGF-beta1, we analyzed the in vitro(More)
Soluble forms of low affinity receptors for the Fc portion of IgG circulate in body fluids and regulate immune functions. We describe the transfection, production and purification techniques which allow the preparation, at a laboratory scale, of milligram amounts of glycosylated recombinant mouse and human soluble Fc gamma receptors. These recombinant(More)
Studies on the identification, cloning, and biochemical characterization of natural and recombinant human and mouse low-affinity soluble Fc gamma R (sFc gamma R) have been developed using various methods. RT-PCR and/or biochemical analyses have demonstrated that low-affinity sFc gamma R (i) are generated by enzymatic cleavage of membrane-associated(More)
Soluble forms of low-affinity Fc gamma receptors (sFc gamma R) circulate in biologic fluids. Their plasmatic levels vary in immunological disorders or related diseases. They are produced by enzymatic cleavage of the membrane receptors or by alternative splicing. They bind IgG with the same isotype specificity as their cell surface counterparts and thus(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is a pleiotropic cytokine which inhibits growth of many cell types and positively or negatively regulates the production of Ig isotypes. By using mouse resting B cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we investigated whether the effect of TGF beta 1 on Ig production is related to its effect on cell(More)
Soluble forms of receptors for the Fc portion of IgG (sFc gamma R) were detected in biological fluids from mice and humans. In mouse bearing tumors, circulating amounts of sFc gamma R increased concurrently with tumor growth. Tumors secreting IgG2a, IgG2b or IgG3 led to a 5- to 10-fold increase in serum sFc gamma R levels whereas tumors secreting IgG1, IgGA(More)
Equational unification is an important research area with many applications, such as cryptographic protocol analysis. Unification modulo a convergent term rewrite system is undecidable, even with just a single rule. To identify decidable (and tractable) cases, two paradigms have been developed — Basic Syntactic Mutation [14] and the Finite Variant Property(More)
Unification modulo convergent term rewrite systems is an important research area with many applications. In their seminal paper Lynch and Morawska gave three conditions on rewrite systems that guarantee that unifiability can be checked in polynomial time (P). We show that these conditions are tight, in the sense that relaxing any one of them will " upset(More)
Soluble Fc gamma receptors have been identified in biological fluids of mice and humans. They are produced either by alternative splicing of the exon encoding the transmembrane region of the receptor (Fc gamma RII) or by proteolytic cleavage at the cell membrane (Fc gamma RII and Fc gamma RIII). They inhibit B cell proliferation and immunoglobulin(More)